Handouts/Miscellaneous (Irene Gold) Flashcards Preview

Boards Part II and III (Irene Gold) > Handouts/Miscellaneous (Irene Gold) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Handouts/Miscellaneous (Irene Gold) Deck (72)
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1

What is the dermatonal levels that the Sciatic nerve is found?

Begins at L4- S3

2

What muscle does the Sciatic nerve go through?

Piriformis

3

Where is the end of the Sciatic nerve?

Just above the popliteal fossa

4

What two nerves does the Sciatic nerve divide into?

Common peroneal nerve
Tibial nerve

5

What named nerve does the common peroneal nerve become on the medial side of the leg and foot?

Deep peroneal nerve

6

What is the name of the nerve found on the lateral side of the leg and foot?

Superficial peroneal nerve

7

What is the distribution of the Tibial nerve?

Travels down the back of the leg through the tarsal tunnel, posterior to the medial malleolus
-Becomes the medial and lateral plantar nerves on the bottom of the foot

8

What is the initial treatment of Deep Vein Thrombophlebitis?

Referral to a vascular specialist
Anticoagulant therapy
Elevate the legs

9

What are two follow up procedures to do after Anticoagulant therapy of Deep Vein Thrombophlebitis?

Venous stripping
Graduated compression stockings

10

How is the Stork Orthopedic test performed?

Patient is instructed to stand on one leg and place the lumbar spine into extension.
Repeat on the other side

11

What does a positive Stoke test indicate?

Spondylolytic Spondylolisthesis

12

What is indicated if there is only pain on one wrist when the Bracelet test is performed?

Wrist injury

13

What condition is diagnosed if there is pain bilaterally with the Bracelet test?

Rheumatoid Arthritis

14

When does Reyes Syndrome most commonly occur?

Giving an aspirin to a child
Recovery from a viral infection
i.e. Measles, Chicken Pox, Flu

15

What two conditions can Reyes Syndrome be diagnosed as?

Encephalitis
Meningitis

16

What are the symptoms of Reyes Syndrome?

Persistent/Recurrent vomiting
Personality Changes
(i.e. Combativeness, Irritability, Disorientation/Confusion, Delirium, Convulsion, Loss of Consciousness)

17

What two things can Reyes Syndrome lead to?

Hepatomegaly (Enlarged Liver)
Brain Damage

18

What is the name of the condition that is "Autoimmune demyelinating disease of the peripheral nervous system"?

Guillain Barre Syndrome

19

Where does Guillain Barre Syndrome start and what kind of Paralysis is it?

Starts- in the Legs
Paralysis type- Asending

20

What are three precursors to Guillain Barre Syndrome?

Immunizations
Viral infection
Following the flu

21

Is Guillain Barre Syndrome self resolving?

Yes

22

What percentage of people with Guillain Barre Syndrome have permanent muscle weakness or fatigue?

20%

23

Guillain Barre Syndrome becomes life threatening when what muscle is involved?

Diaphragm

24

What condition has the characteristics of:
Clicking of the jaw
Jaw locking
Change in bite
Ear problems/pain
Hearing loss

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Headache

25

What two things can provoke Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) headaches?

Dental work
Grinding teeth at night

26

What are three treatments for Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) headaches?

Refer to a dentist
Adjust the jaw
Tension relaxation techniques

27

What is the cause of Rheumatic Fever?

Beta hemolytic Streptococcal Infection

28

What lab is ordered to diagnosis Rheumatic Fever

ASO-Titre

29

What is damaged in a patient with Rheumatic Fever?

Endocardium (Lining of the heart)

30

What heart valve is effected in Rheumatic Fever

Mitral Valve Stenosis