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Lucianna's Program > Geology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geology Deck (145)
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61

Persian Gulf

contains largest reserves of petroleum

62

Suez Canal

used to pass from the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea

63

Strait of Hormuz

used by oil tankers to enter and leave the Persian Gulf

64

Strait of Gibraltar

used to pass from the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean

65

Aral Sea

body of water that borders both Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

66

desalinization

creates drinkable water from seawater

67

ergs

large sand dunes

68

Empty Quarter

desert on the Arabian Peninsula

69

Sahara

world's largest desert

70

dry farming

stores moisture in unplanted land

71

Abraham

Jews believe they are descended from this Mesopotamian herder

72

Sumerians

the first people known to use the wheel and plow

73

Muhammad

prophet of Islam

74

pharaohs

viewed as gods and rulers

75

Jesus

a Jew who taught that God loved all people

76

Yom Kippur

holiest day for Jewish people

77

dietary laws

state that Jews and Muslims cannot eat pork

78

Makkah

holy city of Islam

79

what Muslims must do during Ramadan

fast (not eat)

80

Beirut

capital and major port of Lebanon

81

trade embargo

placed on Iraq after the Persian Gulf War

82

Istanbul

major economic and cultural center at the entrance of the Black Sea

83

Law of Return

allows Jews anywhere in the world to become Israeli citizens

84

Aden

major port for ships traveling between the Arabian Sea and the Red Sea

85

ethnic group

people who share the same language, history, religion, and physical traits

86

globalization

the development of a worldwide culture with an interdependent economy

87

cultural diffusion

spreading ideas, customs, and language from one culture to another

88

civilizations

highly developed cultures

89

dialect

a local variation of a language

90

prevailing winds

major patterns of movements of air