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Flashcards in GILES Deck (31):
1

KNEE BOLT ON AN AK PROSTHESIS ROTATED 5 DEG. ACCOUNTS FOR?
A. internal rotation during swing phase
B. external rotation during swing phase
C. internal rotation during stance phase
D. external rotation during stance phase

INTERNAL ROTATION DURING SWING PHASE

2

PULSE SITE USED TO ASSESS A PT. IN CARDIAC ARREST AND MONITOR LE CIRCULATION?

FEMORAL

3

Which technique would be the most appropriate when assessing the pulse of a patient after exercise?
A. placing the palm of the hand firmly over the pulse site
B. counting the pulse for five seconds and multiplying by twelve to determine the beats per minute
C. selecting a pulse site that will not cause discomfort and subsequently alter the pulse rate
D. selecting three to five separate pulse sites to assure an accurate measurement

SELECTING A PUSLE SITE THAT WILL NOT CAUSE DISCOMFORT AND SUBSEQUENTLY ALTER THE PULSE RATE

4

Which statistical technique should be used when testing for differences in the number of athletes and non-athletes in a college population?
A. t-test
B. chi square
C. ANOVA
D. ANCOVA

CHI SQUARE

5

When a CVA patient lies on the hemiplegic side all of the following are correct EXCEPT
A. spasticity is decreased due to elongation of the affected side
B. awareness of the side is increased
C. the scapula should be in a retracted position
D. the hemiplegic leg should be extended at the hip and slightly flexed at the knee

THE SCAPULA SHOULD BE IN A RETRACTED POSITION

6

MC THAT HAMATE ARTICULATES WITH

4TH MC

7

THE MUSCLE DEVELOPS TENSION AND INCREASES IN LENGTH

NEGATIVE WORK / NEGATIVE MUSCLE CONTRACTION

8

MC SIDEEFFECT OF NSAIDS

STOMACH DISCOMFORT

9

An 86 year-old female is restricted to partial weight bearing on the left leg after a total hip replacement. Her upper extremity strength is 3/5 and she resides alone. Which assistive device would be the most appropriate for this patient?
A. Lofstrand crutches
B. axillary crutches
C. large base quad cane
D. two wheel rolling walker

two wheel rolling walker

10

POSITION OF JT IDEAL FOR PALPATION

OPEN PACKED

11

Developmentally, tonic stability is most evident when a child can
A. tilt their head while in prone
B. hold their head in neutral while sitting upright
C. maintain pivot prone posture
D. none of these

maintain a pivot prone position

12

A physical therapist participates in a community based screening program designed to identify individuals with osteoporosis. Which group would have the highest risk for developing osteoporosis?
A. white females over the age of 60
B. black females over the age of 60
C. white females over the age of 40
D. black females over the age of 40

white females , > 60 y/o

13

Broca's aphasia what artery

MCA

14

MOST SERIOUS SIDE EFFECT OF DIURETICS

FLUID DEPLETION AND ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE

15

ROUTE OF IONTOPHORESIS AND PHONOPHORESIS

TRANSDERMAL

16

Changes in the health care delivery system have significantly influenced physical therapy practice patterns. Which of the following trends is probably not reflective of practice patterns over the last decade?
A. an increased percentage of therapists working primarily in hospitals
B. an increased percentage of therapists working
C. an increased percentage of therapists working in home care
D. an increased percentage of therapists working in private practice settings

AN INCREASED % OF PTs WORKING PRIMARILY IN HOSPITALS

17

A patient with a lengthy history of substance abuse is referred to physical therapy after sustaining multiple injuries in a motor vehicle accident. Which of the following controlled substances does not foster physical dependence?
A. depressants
B. hallucinogens
C. narcotics
D. stimulants

HALLUCINOGENS

18

Gloves can be an effective means of protective asepsis. What type of isolation requires the use of gloves by all individuals entering the room?
A. AFB
B. contact
C. respiratory
D. strict

STRICT ISOLATION

19

An injury to what structure other than the anterior cruciate ligament could give the impression of excessive anterior instability?
A. lateral collateral ligament
B. medial collateral ligament
C. medial meniscus
D. posterior cruciate ligament

PCL

20

MOST SIGNIFICANT SYMPTOM OF RAPIDLY GROWING NEOPLASM

PAIN

21

A six month-old, twenty two-pound baby girl fractures the shaft of her left femur. What type of traction is the most common to treat the baby’s condition?
A. Bryant’s traction
B. Buck’s traction
C. lateral skeletal traction
D. Russell’s traction

BRYANT'S TRACTION

22

The most significant variables to differentiate between heat exhaustion and heat stroke are
A. blood pressure and pulse rate
B. coordination and level of fatigue
C. pulse rate and skin temperature
D. pupil dilation and blood pressure

PULSE RATE AND SKIN TEMPERATURE

23

Which of the following guidelines is not accurate when administering a sensory evaluation?
A. A demonstration of each procedure should be performed before the actual test
B. Testing should be carried out following the main sensory nerves and their corresponding dermatomes.
C. The discriminative sensations are tested before the protective sensations
D. Testing of the extremities is usually performed in a distal to proximal progression.

THE DISCRIMINATIVE SENSATIONS ARE TESTED BEFORE THE PROTECTIVE SENSATIONS

24

MOST SERIOUS COMPLICATION OF FEMORAL SHAFT FX

VOLKMANN'S ISCHEMIA

25

TYPE OF HEALTH INSURANCE THAT ALLOWS PATIENTS FREE CHOICE OF HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS AND UTILIZES DEDUCTIBLES AND COPAYMENTS, BUT DOES NOT HAVE MANY COMPONENTS WHICH LIMIT UTILIZATION OF SERVICES

INDEMNITY PLANS

26

WHICH IS OF LEAST IMPORTANCE WHEN SELECTING AN AD?
A. the patient’s level of understanding
B. the patient’s height and weight
C. the patient’s upper and lower extremity strength
D. the patient’s level of coordination

THE PT.'S HEIGHT AND WEIGHT

27

1. Iontophoresis is used to treat all of the following conditions EXCEPT
A. muscle spasms
B. ischemic skin ulcers
C. fungal infections
D. bursitis and tendonitis

MUSCLE SPASMS

28

Relaxation techniques beneficial during labor and delivery

Attention focusing
Systematic relaxation
Imagery

29

The intermittent use of tone reducing lower extremity bivalve casting for children with cerebral palsy hypothesizes that casting may
A. increase compensatory stabilizing efforts
B. cause flexing of the toes which inhibits the plantar grasp response
C. facilitate trunk stability by reducing contractures of the foot
D. inhibit the use of extensor thrust by preventing dorsiflexion

Inhibit the use of extensor thrust by preventing dorsiflexion

30

MC MOI OF SCI

CERVICAL HYPERFLEXION

31

EXERCISE INDICATED FOR COORDINATION TRAINING

FRENKEL'S EXERCISES