Gluteal Region Muscles Flashcards Preview

Spot Test 2- Lower Limb > Gluteal Region Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gluteal Region Muscles Deck (39):
1

Superficial Muscles of the Gluteal Region?

Gluteus Maximus
Gluteus Medius
Gluteus Minimus
Tensor Fascia Lata

2

Deep Muscles of Gluteal Region?

Piriformis
Obturator Internus
Gemellus Superior
Gemellus Inferior
Quadratus Femoris

3

Origin of Gluteus Maximus

Gluteus Medius Fascia
Sacrum and Coccyx
External Ilium
Sacrotuberous Ligament

4

Insertion of Gluteus Maximus

Gluteal Tuberosity of Femur

Posterior Iliotibial Tract

5

Innervation of Gluteus Maximus

Inferior Gluteal Nerve
(L5-S2)

6

Origin of Gluteus Medius

External Ilium

Between anterior and posterior gluteal lines)

7

Insertion of of Gluteus Medius

Greater Trochanter of Femur

8

Innervation of of Gluteus Medius

Superior Gluteal Nerve
(L4-S1)

9

Function of Gluteus Medius

Abduction
Medial Rotation
Stabilisation of Hip

10

Function of Gluteus Maximus

Lateral Rotation
Abduction of hip

Extension of Flexed Femur

11

Origin of Gluteus Minimus

External Ilium
Between anterior and inferior gluteal lines

12

Insertion of Gluteus Minimus

(Anterolateral) Greater Trochanter of Femur

13

Innervation of Gluteus Minimus

Superior Gluteal Nerve
(L4-S1)

14

Function of Gluteus Minimus

Abduction
Medial Rotation
Stabilisation of Hip

15

Origin of Tensor Fascia Lata

Iliac Crest, tubercle of crest, ASIS

16

Insertion of Tensor Fascia Lata

Iliotibial Tract

17

Innervation of Tensor Fascia Lata

Superior Gluteal Nerve
(L4-S1)

18

Function of Tensor Fascia Lata

Knee extension and stabilisation

19

Origin of Piriformis

Anterior Sacrum

20

Insertion of Piriformis

(Medial) Greater Trochanter

21

Innervation of Piriformis

S1 and S2 branches

22

Function of Piriformis

Lateral Rotation of Extended Femur
Abduction of Flexed Femur

23

Origin of Obturator Internus

Obturator Membrane and surrounding bone

24

Insertion of Obturator Internus

Greater Trochanter

25

Innervation of Obturator Internus

Nerve to Obturator Internus
(L5-S1)

26

Function of Obturator Internus

Lateral Rotation of Extended Femur
Abduction of Flexed Femur

27

Origin of Gemellus Superior

(External) Ischial Spine

28

Insertion of Gemellus Superior

Greater Trochanter

29

Innervation of Gemellus Superior

Nerve to Obturator Internus
(L5-S1)

30

Function of Gemellus Superior

Lateral Rotation of Extended Femur
Abduction of Flexed Femur

31

Origin of Gemellus Inferior

Ischial Tuberosity

32

Insertion of Gemellus Inferior

Greater Trochanter

33

Innervation of Gemellus Inferior

Nerve to Quadratus Femoris
(L5-S1)

34

Function of Gemellus Inferior

Lateral Rotation of Extended Femur
Abduction of Flexed Femur

35

Origin of Quadratus Femoris

Lateral Ischium (anterior to Ischial tuberosity)

36

Insertion of Quadratus Femoris

Intertrochanteric Crest

37

Function of Quadratus Femoris

Lateral Rotation

38

Neurovasculature exiting the Greater Sciatic Foramen SUPERIOR to Piriformis:

Superior Gluteal Nerve
Superior Gluteal A./ V.

39

Neurovasculature exiting the Greater Sciatic Foramen INFERIOR to Piriformis:

Pudendal Nerve
Nerve to Obturator Internus
Nerve to Quadratus Femoris
Sciatic Nerve
Posterior Cutaneous Nerve of Thigh
Inferior Gluteal Nerve
Inferior Gluteal A. / V.