The Vertebral Column Flashcards Preview

Spot Test 2- Lower Limb > The Vertebral Column > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Vertebral Column Deck (33):
1

Where do Spinal Nerves leave the spinal column?

Intervertebral Foramen (formed between Superior and Inferior Vertebral notches)

2

Features of a typical cervical vertebrae?

Small Body with elevated uncus

Transverse Process & pedicle with tubercles

Bifid Spinous Process

3

Which cervical vertebrae have Transverse Foramina (for Vertebral As)?

C1-C6

4

Atypical Cervical Vertebrae

C1 (Atlas)
C2(Axis)

5

Between which two vertebrae is there no Intervertebral Disc?

C1&C2

6

Which cervical vertebrae is the point of articulation of the head, and the strongest cervical vertebrae?

C2

7

Features of C1 (Axis)

No Body

No Spinous Process

Anterior/Posterior arches with tubercles and lateral mass

Tubercles for Transverse ligament

8

Features of C2 (Atlas)

Body with Dens (odointoid process)

Large superior articular facets

Dens held in place by transverse ligament

9

Why are Cervical Vertebrae more prone to dislocation than Thoracic/Lumbar?

Relatively flat articular facets

Doesn't necessarily compress spinal cord (foramen wide)

10

Causes of Dens Fracture

Hyperextension/ Hyperflexion

As dens is less dense

11

Typical Thoracic Vertebrae:

Heart Shaped Body with Superior/Inferior costal-demi facets

Long Spinous Process

Transverse Process with facet for rib articulation

Superior articular facet faces posteriorly

Inferior articular facet faces anteriorly

12

Typical Lumbar Vertebrae

Large Body

Superior Articular Facet faces medially

Inferior Articular Facet faces laterally

Short, sturdy spinous process

13

Features of Sacrum/Coccyx

Anterior and Posterior Sacral Foramina

Median Crest

Apex

Sacral Hiatus and cornua

14

Name of Joint between Superior and Inferior Articular Facets?

Zygapophysial Joint

15

Outer Part of an Intervertebral Disc?

Annulus Fibrosis

(Fibrocartilage Ring)

16

Inner Part of a Intervertebral Disc?

Nucleus Pulposus

(Gelatinous substance, acts as a shock absorber)

17

Ligament binding lamina of adjacent vertebrae

Ligamentum Flavum

18

Ligament running on posterior vertebral bodies, C2-Sacrum

Posterior Longitudinal Ligament

19

Which ligament prevents posterior herniation of IV discs, and resists hyperflexion

Posterior Longitudinal Ligament

20

Ligament running from Occipital Bone/C1 to Sacrum

Anterior Longitudinal ligament

21

Which is the only ligament to resist Hyperextension

Anterior Longitudinal Ligament

22

Ligament running between transverse processes

Intertransverse Ligament

23

Ligament running down ends of Spinous Processes

Supraspinous Ligament

24

Ligament running between spinous processes

Interspinous ligament

25

Common pathology in whiplash

Tearing of Anterior Longitudinal Ligament, avulsion of vertebral body, spinal cord compression

26

Movement of vertebral column

Flexion/Extension
Lateral Flexion
Rotation

27

Primary Curvatures of Spine

Thoracic Kyphosis
Sacral Kyphosis

Curve forwards

28

Secondary Curvatures of Spine

Cervical Lordosis
Lumbar Lordosis

Curve backwards

29

Other name for Herniation of Nucleus Pulposus

Slipped disc

30

Common vertebral level affected by slipped disc

L4/L5 or L5/S1

31

Severe side effects of nucleus pulposus herniation

Cauda Equina Syndrome
Sciatica

32

Ligament running from External Occipital Protuberance to C7 Spinous Process

Ligamentum Nuchae

33

Ligament from Neck of Rib to Transverse Process of rib above

Superior Costotransverse Ligament