Posterior Compartment of Leg Flashcards Preview

Spot Test 2- Lower Limb > Posterior Compartment of Leg > Flashcards

Flashcards in Posterior Compartment of Leg Deck (31):
1

Groups in the Posterior Compartment

Superficial and Deep

2

Muscles in the Superficial Group

Gastrocnemius
Plantaris
Soleus

3

Muscles in the Deep Group

Tibialis Posterior
Flexor Digitorum Longus
Flexor Hallucis Longus
Popliteus

4

Origin of Gastrocnemius

Medial Head: Femur (superior to Medial Condyle)

Lateral Head: Lateral Femoral Condyle

5

Insertion of Gastrocnemius

Calcaneus

(via calcaneal tendon)

6

Innervation of Gastrocnemius

Tibial Nerve (S1-S2

7

Function of Gastrocnemius

Plantarflexion @ ankle

Flexion of knee

8

Origin of Soleus

Head and Neck of Fibula

Soleal Line

Medial Tibia

9

Insertion of Soleus

Calcaneus

(via calcaneal tendon)

10

Innervation of Soleus

Tibial Nerve (S1-S2

11

Function of Soleus

Plantarflexion @ ankle

12

Origin of Plantaris

Lateral Supracondylar Line of Femur

Popliteal Ligament

13

Insertion of Plantaris

Calcaneus

(via calcaneal tendon)

14

Innervation of Plantaris

Tibial Nerve (S1-S2

15

Function of Plantaris

Plantarflexion @ ankle

Flexion of knee

16

Origin of Popliteus

Lateral Femoral Condyle

17

Insertion of Popliteus

Proximal Tibia

18

Innervation of Popliteus

Tibial Nerve (L4-S1)

19

Function of Popliteus

Laterally Rotates Femur on Tibia (UNLOCKS KNEE)

Stabilises knee joint

20

Origin of Tibialis Posterior

Interosseus Membrane

Adjacent Tibia and Fibula

21

Insertion of Tibialis Posterior

Navicular (tuberosity) and Medial Cuneiform

22

Innervation of Tibialis Posterior

Tibial nerve (L4-L5)

23

Function of Tibialis Posterior

Plantarflexion @ ankle

Inversion of foot

Medial arch support

24

Origin of Flexor Digitorum Longus

Medial Posterior Tibia

25

Insertion of Flexor Digitorum Longus

Distal Phalanges of Toes 2-5

26

Innervation of Flexor Digitorum Longus

Tibial Nerve (S2-S3

27

Function of Flexor Digitorum Longus

Flexion of Toes 2-5

28

Origin of Flexor Hallucis Longus

Fibula

Interosseus Membrane

29

Insertion of Flexor Hallucis Longus

Distal Phalanx of Toe 1

30

Innervation of Flexor Hallucis Longus

Tibial Nerve (S2-S3)

31

Function of Flexor Hallucis Longus

Flexion of Toe 1