G.O. 8.1.6 USE OF FORCE POLICY Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in G.O. 8.1.6 USE OF FORCE POLICY Deck (57)
1

A deputy must consider the following factors when
using physical force:

(a) the severity of the alleged crime at issue
(b) whether the suspect
poses an immediate threat to the safety of the officers or others
(c) whether the
suspect is actively resisting arrest or attempting to evade arrest by flight.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 (2)

2

When deadly force is justified,
it shall be considered a last resort and be employed for effect and not for warning.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 (2)

3

The Electronic Control Device (ECD) is a device designed to disrupt a subject’s sensory
nervous and motor nervous systems by means of deploying battery powered
electrical energy sufficient to cause uncontrolled muscle contractions and override an individual’s voluntary motor responses. This does include the Electronic Restraint System (ERS)

True

False

False

G.O.8.1.6 (3C)

The Electronic Control Device (ECD) is A device designed to disrupt a subject’s sensory
nervous and motor nervous systems by means of deploying battery powered
electrical energy sufficient to cause uncontrolled muscle contractions and override an individual’s voluntary motor responses. This does NOT include the Electronic Restraint System (ERS)

4

An injury NOT prohibiting normal duties or activities (e.g. bruise, redness, slight strain).

Slight Physical Harm

Moderate Physical Harm

Great Bodily Harm

Slight Physical Harm

G.O.8.1.6 (3E)

5

Can NOT perform normal duties, medical treatment
necessary (e.g., strains and sprains).

Slight Physical Harm

Moderate Physical Harm

Great Bodily Harm

Moderate Physical Harm

G.O.8.1.6 (3F)

6

Harm to the body which involves a risk of death, serious
permanent disfigurement, loss of or impairment of a bodily function or bodily organ.

Slight Physical Harm

Moderate Physical Harm

Great Bodily Harm

Great Bodily Harm

G.O.8.1.6 (3G)

7

Subject Resistance Levels:

no physical harm: A subject is there, on the scene,
with accompanying suspicious activity.

Aggravated Physical Resistance

Aggressive Physical Resistance

Active Physical Resistance

Passive Physical Resistance

Verbal Resistance

Presence

Presence

G.O.8.1.6 (4A1)

8

Subject Resistance Levels:

no physical harm: A subject may verbally
refuse to comply with a deputy’s requests or attempts to control the situation. The subject may threaten the deputy with further resistance. Or, the subject may not verbally respond to the deputy.

Aggravated Physical Resistance

Aggressive Physical Resistance

Active Physical Resistance

Passive Physical Resistance

Verbal Resistance

Presence

Verbal Resistance

G.O.8.1.6 (4A2)

9

Subject Resistance Levels:

slight physical harm: A subject
physically refuses to comply or respond to a deputy’s
command. He/she does not make any attempt to physically defeat the actions of the deputy but forces the deputy to employ physical maneuvers, chemical agent to establish control.

Aggravated Physical Resistance

Aggressive Physical Resistance

Active Physical Resistance

Passive Physical Resistance

Verbal Resistance

Presence

Passive Physical Resistance

G.O.8.1.6 (4A3)

10

Subject Resistance Levels:

slight to moderate physical harm:
A subject makes physically evasive movements to defeat a deputy’s attempt at control. This may be in the form of bracing or tensing, attempts to push/pull away or not allowing the deputy to get close to him/her.

Aggravated Physical Resistance

Aggressive Physical Resistance

Active Physical Resistance

Passive Physical Resistance

Verbal Resistance

Presence

Active Physical Resistance

G.O.8.1.6 (4A4)

11

Subject Resistance Levels:

moderate physical harm: A
subject make overt, hostile, attacking movements which may cause injury, but are not likely to cause death or great bodily harm to the deputy or others.

Aggravated Physical Resistance

Aggressive Physical Resistance

Active Physical Resistance

Passive Physical Resistance

Verbal Resistance

Aggressive Physical Resistance

G.O.8.1.6 (4A5)

12

Subject Resistance Levels:

a great bodily harm: A
subject makes overt, hostile, attacking movements with or without a weapon with the apparent ability to cause death or great bodily harm to the deputy or others.

Aggravated Physical Resistance

Aggressive Physical Resistance

Active Physical Resistance

Passive Physical Resistance

Verbal Resistance

Aggravated Physical Resistance

G.O.8.1.6 (4A6)

13

Officer Response Levels:

no potential for physical harm:
The deputy is there, on the scene, with the
subject. This includes proper voice and/or other
identification, body language, and awareness by the
subject that he/she is dealing with a deputy.
b. Field Interview Stance: The deputy adopts a stance
outside of his/her danger zone that provides appropriate protection and forms the basis of an effective physical response if attacked.

Command Presence

Communication

Physical Control

Intermediate Weapons

Incapacitation

Deadly Force

Command Presence

G.O.8.1.6 (4B1)

14

Officer Response Levels:

no potential for physical harm; Dialogue: A two way, controlled, non-emotional
communication between the deputy and subject, aimed at problem identification and/or resolution Verbal Direction: A deputy tells or commands a subject
to engage in or refrain from a specific action or non-action. Touch: A touch used to comfort or console a distraught individual. A deputy may use a soft assisting touch when guiding, directing or obtaining the attention of a subject, or a firm, strong touch prior to escalating to a higher level of force.

Command Presence

Communication

Physical Control

Intermediate Weapons

Incapacitation

Deadly Force

Communication

G.O.8.1.6 (4B2)

15

Officer Response Levels:

slight potential for physical harm:
a. Restraint devices: Mechanical tools used to restrict a
subject’s movement and facilitate searching; such as
handcuffs, flex cuffs, leg irons, belly chains, optional
nylon restraining devices, etc.
b. Chemical Agent Individual Protection Device: Aerosol
spray agent used to subdue a subject.
c. Transporters: Techniques used to control and/or move
a subject from point A to point B with minimum effort by
the deputy in order to gain and retain control over the
subject.
d. Take Downs: Techniques that redirect, in a controlled
manner, a subject to the ground in order to limit his/her
physical resistance and to facilitate the application of a
restraint device.
e. Pain Compliance: Techniques that force a subject to
comply with a deputy as a result of the deputy inflicting
controlled pain upon specific points in the subject's
body, such as pressure point techniques.
f. Electronic Restraint System (ERS) for prisoner control.
g. Counter Moves: Techniques

Command Presence

Communication

Physical Control

Intermediate Weapons

Incapacitation

Deadly Force

Physical Control
G.O.8.1.6 (4B3)

16

Officer Response Levels:

slight to moderate potential for
physical harm:
a. Impact Weapons that are primarily used to control a
subject such as an expandable baton or side handle
baton.
b. Flashlight, clipboard or any other item used as a
weapon of opportunity.
c. Electronic Control Device (ECD) as governed in
General Order 8.1.8.

Command Presence

Communication

Physical Control

Intermediate Weapons

Incapacitation

Deadly Force

Intermediate Weapons

G.O.8.1.6 (4B4)

17

Officer Response Levels:

moderate potential for physical harm:
a. Excluding less-lethal impact projectiles and an ECD,
techniques that are intended to stun or render a subject
temporarily unconscious or unable to resist. These
techniques may be delivered with or without an impact
weapon, such as a strike to a major nerve area.
b. The use of neck restraints are prohibited, however
empty hand techniques may be utilized in
circumstances or situations where the actions of a
subject constitute aggravated physical resistance which could result in great bodily harm, permanent disability,
permanent disfigurement or death to the deputy or
others.

Command Presence

Communication

Physical Control

Intermediate Weapons

Incapacitation

Deadly Force

Incapacitation

G.O.8.1.6 (4B5)

18

Officer Response Levels:

high potential for great bodily harm or death:
a. Techniques that may result in death, great bodily injury,
permanent disability or permanent disfigurement, such
as impact weapon strikes to the head, or use of
firearms as defined in F.S.S. 776.06.

Command Presence

Communication

Physical Control

Intermediate Weapons

Incapacitation

Deadly Force

Deadly Force
G.O.8.1.6 (4B6)

19

factors that must be considered when making use of force decisions: Deputy Factors:

Size, physical ability, and defensive tactics expertise of the deputy.
2. Number of deputies present or available.
3. Immediate reaction in the case of sudden attack.
4. Weapons or restraint devices available to the deputy.
5. Legal requirements.
6. Agency policy.
7. Environment.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 (5)

20

An on-duty supervisor shall respond to every use of force incident which requires
the completion of a Defensive Tactics/K-9 Report Form, to include a K-9
apprehension if the K-9 supervisor is not available to conduct a review.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 (5C)

21

The supervisory review should include:
a. speaking with the involved deputy;
b. speaking with the suspect consistent with training;
c. ensuring witness statements (verbal or written) are obtained and/or reviewed;
d. ensuring photographs are taken, if possible, of significant injuries
and/or impact points if an ECD was deployed. (Refer to General
Order 8.1.8 regarding ECD deployment and other responsibilities.)

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 (5C)

22

The Defensive Tactics/K-9 Report Form, including all documents, shall be
forwarded to Professional Standards and a copy sent to Training.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 (C4)

23

An incident involving a K-9 apprehension require a K-9 supervisor respond to the scene.

True

False

False

G.O.8.1.6 (C5)

An incident involving a K-9 apprehension DOES NOT require a K-9 supervisor respond to the scene.
However, the K-9 supervisor shall be responsible to
conduct a thorough review of the incident to ensure the K-9 apprehension
was in compliance with agency policy. The Defensive Tactics/K-9 Report
Form, including all documentation obtained during either the on-duty
supervisor’s or K-9 supervisor’s review, will be forwarded through the K-9
deputy’s chain of command for review.

24

When an employee of the agency uses a baton, a Defensive Tactics/K-9
Report Form, must be prepared and forwarded to the Division Commander,
along with a copy of the Offense Report.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 (D4)

25

An issued chemical agent, I.P.D. may be used when Level 3 or higher resistance is encountered.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 (E)

26

All sworn personnel are encouraged to carry an
approved chemical agent while engaged in non-uniform assignments.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 (E2)

27

The approved substitutions to the issued chemical agent I.P.D.
are as follows:
a. Key chain canisters.
b. Pen canisters.
c. Kubaton canisters.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 (E2)

28

The chemical agent I.P.D. may not be used against
attacking dogs.

True

False

False
G.O.8.1.6 (F1)

Personnel may use an approved chemical agent I.P.D. when they are
required to use physical force for protection from assault and/or to take a
person into custody. The chemical agent I.P.D. MAY ALSO be used against attacking dogs.

29

The chemical agent should be used before "hands on" techniques or the use
of impact weapons (batons, etc.) when possible.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 (F2)

30

To prevent the hydraulic needle effect, when possible, the chemical agent
I.P.D. should not be sprayed directly at a subject’s eyes at distances of less
than 1 1/2 feet

True

False

False
G.O.8.1.6 (F3)

To prevent the hydraulic needle effect, when possible, the chemical agent
I.P.D. should not be sprayed directly at a subject’s eyes at distances of less
than 3 feet

31

Any discharge, either intentional or accidental, will necessitate the immediate
notification of the deputy's immediate supervisor

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 (F5)

32

When an employee of the agency uses a chemical agent I.P.D., either
intentionally (except for testing) or unintentionally, he or she must prepare a
Defensive Tactics/K-9 Report Form, forward to the Division Commander,
along with a copy of the Offense Report (if any). The immediate supervisor
will investigate each incident and ensure proper forms are submitted. Copies
of the Defensive Tactics/K-9 Report Form shall be forwarded to Professional
Standards and Training.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 (F6)

33

The Electronic Restraint System (ERS) is an electronic restraint belt system that shall only be used for inmate control, prisoner extradition or transportation by personnel who are certified and as authorized by a supervisor.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 (G1,2)

34

When an employee of the agency activates the Electronic Restraint System
(ERS) and stuns an inmate or defendant, a Defensive Tactics/K-9 Report
Form must be prepared and forwarded to the Division Commander, along
with a copy of the Offense Report.
Copies of the Defensive Tactics/K-9 Report Form shall be forwarded to Professional Standards and Training.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 (G5)

35

Other less-lethal weapons may be authorized by the ____________ for special unit applications.

Section Commander

Division Commander

Undersheriff

Sheriff

Sheriff
G.O.8.1.6 (H)

Other less-lethal weapons may be authorized by the Sheriff for special unit
applications.

36

When dealing with civil disorder situations where no arrest is possible if less-lethal
force is utilized, the Incident Commander or designee is responsible for the
completion of the Defensive Tactics/K-9 Report Form.

If an arrest is made, the deputy who used the less-lethal force is responsible for completing the Defensive Tactics/K-9 Report Form.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 ( I )

37

The flashlight should be used as a weapon of choice in dark situations.

True

false

False
G.O.8.1.6 ( I )

The flashlight should never be used as a weapon of choice but rather as a weapon of opportunity.

38

Any other item (e.g., radio, clipboard, etc.) that is used as a weapon of
opportunity will be considered an impact weapon and will be used in exigent
circumstances at a Level 3 or higher response on the Use of Force Matrix.

True

False

False
G.O.8.1.6 ( J2 )


Any other item (e.g., radio, clipboard, etc.) that is used as a weapon of
opportunity will be considered an impact weapon and will be used in exigent
circumstances at a Level 4 or higher response on the Use of Force Matrix.

39

When an employee of the agency uses a flashlight or other weapon of
opportunity as an impact weapon, a Defensive Tactics/K-9 Report Form,
must be prepared and forwarded to the Division Commander, along with a
copy of the Offense Report

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 ( J5 )

40

Nothing in this order shall prevent a deputy from utilizing any readily available object
or empty hand technique as a weapon in circumstances or situations where the
actions of a subject constitute Level 6 Resistance that could result in great bodily
injury, permanent disability, permanent disfigurement or death to the deputy or
others.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 ( K )

41

__________________ shall prepare an annual report related to the use of
force. The report will encompass:
a. Discharges of firearms investigated by the Shooting Team as outlined
in this policy.
b. Actions that result in, or alleged to result in injury or death of another
person.
c. The application of deadly or non-deadly force as defined by agency
Written Directives.

HRD

PSD

UPD

PSD
G.O.8.1.6 ( M )


Professional Standards shall prepare an annual report related to the use of
force. The report will encompass:
a. Discharges of firearms investigated by the Shooting Team as outlined
in this policy.
b. Actions that result in, or alleged to result in injury or death of another
person.
c. The application of deadly or non-deadly force as defined by agency
Written Directives.

42

Training shall on a continual basis review completed Defensive Tactics/K-9
Report Forms to evaluate the effectiveness of and need for training and product reliability.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 ( M3 )

43

An agency member may discharge his/her firearm to apprehend a fleeing felony suspect (which includes escapees) only when
such force is necessary and probable cause exists to believe the suspect
poses an immediate threat of death or serious physical injury to either the
deputy or another person. If possible, a verbal warning must be given prior
to utilizing deadly force.

True

false

True

G.O.8.1.6 ( O6 )

44

Members of the agency are authorized to:
1. Fire warning shots in exigent circumstances

True

False

False
G.O.8.1.6 ( Q )


Members of the agency are not authorized to:
1. Fire warning shots

45

Are agency members authorized to Use a firearm to arrest or prevent the flight of a person who has committed a misdemeanor or traffic violation.

Yes

No

No
G.O.8.1.6 ( Q3 )

Members of the agency are not authorized to:

Use a firearm to arrest or prevent the flight of a person who has committed a misdemeanor or traffic violation.

4. Discharge their weapons at or into a moving vehicle unless it is absolutely
necessary to do so to protect against an imminent danger of death or serious
bodily harm to the deputy or others.

46

Deadly force may be justified when a suspect rams, attempts to ram or uses a vehicle to engage in conduct that poses an imminent danger of death or
serious bodily harm to the deputy or others.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 ( Q4 )

Deadly force may be justified when a suspect rams, attempts to ram or uses
a vehicle to engage in conduct that poses an imminent danger of death or
serious bodily harm to the deputy or others. A deputy must be able to
articulate that an imminent danger exists and that the suspects’ actions did
not result in incidental or accidental contact between vehicles.

47

Surrendering the weapon may mean giving away the only chance for survival. A
deputy should use every tactical tool at his/her disposal to avoid surrendering the
weapon. The danger to a deputy is not necessarily reduced by giving up the
weapon upon demand.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 ( R )

48

Homicide will be responsible for the Deputy Involved Shooting Team

True

false

True

G.O.8.1.6 ( U )

49

The Shooting Team will
be comprised of a minimum of one on-call Homicide Team, the Homicide supervisor, and two (2) detectives.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 ( U1 )

50

In those cases where the Florida Department of Law Enforcement is
determined to be the lead investigative agency, their investigators will
head the investigation with Orange County Sheriff's Office detectives assisting as requested.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 ( U1B )

51

The Major Case Section Commander and/or Violent Crimes
Lieutenant will act as a liaison between the Sheriff's Staff and the Shooting Team.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 ( U1E )

52

The Major Case Section Commander and/or Violent Crimes
Lieutenant will respond to all deputy involved shooting incidents and
act as a liaison between the detectives and staff.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 ( V1c )

53

The Director of Human Resources or designee shall be notified of all
Deputy involved shootings.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 ( V1D )

54

The responding Professional
Standards agent is not considered part of the Shooting Team.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 ( V1E)

55

The Professional Standards Section Commander or designee will verbally inform the Sheriff of the administrative status of the inquiry surrounding the shooting.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 ( V1P)

56

Homicide will be responsible for the investigation of all in-custody deaths.

True

False

True

G.O.8.1.6 ( Y3)

57

In-custody deaths will be reported to the Florida Department of Law
Enforcement Statistical Analysis Center to facilitate the requirements of the
Deaths in Custody Act of 2000.

True

False

True
G.O.8.1.6 ( Y5)