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Flashcards in Governmental Accounting Deck (25):
2

What is the primary objective of governmental accounting?

To provide information that is useful and benefits a wide range of users including:

Costs of services provided

Sufficiency of revenues to cover costs

Financial position of entity

3

What are the three major types of funds in governmental accounting?

Governmental

Proprietary

Fiduciary

4

Which two accounting bases are used in governmental accounting?

Accrual basis - current economic resources focus (revenues recognized when earned)

Modified accrual basis - current financial resources focus (revenues recognized when available and measurable)

5

What is a budget appropriation?

The highest amount allowed for a particular expenditure under a budget.

6

What is an encumbrance?

Records purchase and reserves it for the encumbrance.

7

What is the opening budgetary entry?

Dr Estimated Revenues Control
Cr Appropriations Control
Dr/Cr Budgetary Fund Balance (plug)

8

What is the closing budgetary entry?

Dr Appropriations Control
Dr/Cr Budgetary Fund Balance (plug)
Cr Estimated Revenues Control

9

What are the types of governmental funds?

General Fund
Special Revenue Fund
Permanent Fund
Capital Projects Fund
Debt Service Fund

10

What is a General Fund?

The operating fund of the governmental unit

Records Significant Revenues: Taxes; Tickets; Fines; Licenses

Records Significant Expenditures: Police; Education; Fire Dept

11

What is a Special Revenue Fund?

Restricted for a specific purpose such as street repair.

12

What is a Permanent Fund?

Legally restricted fund; where only earnings can be used to fund programs.

Principal remains intact.

13

What is a Capital Projects Fund?

Used to acquire and build facilities.

14

What is a Debt Service Fund?

Handles repayment of long-term debt and related interest.

15

Which fund statements are issued in Governmental Accounting?

Balance Sheet

Statement of Revenues; Expenditures; and Changes in Fund Balance

16

When is Revenue recorded in Governmental Accounting?

When it is BOTH available and measurable; regardless of when it is spent.

17

What is Derived Tax Revenue?

Money collected from people doing things:

Sales tax (buying cars) or income tax (people working)

18

What is Imposed Tax Revenue?

Tax assessed just because things exist

Example: property tax on a car (even if it's never driven); real estate tax

Recorded as a revenue when BUDGETED.

Estimated uncollectible property tax revenues don't offset revenues; so don't net them.

19

What are the types of Proprietary Funds?

Internal Service Funds - to serve the needs of other governmental units (i.e. motor pool)

Enterprise Funds - provide goods or services to external users (i.e. post office)

20

What are the Fund Balance Types?

Restricted - Restricted by Contributor
Committed - Restricted by Government
Assigned - Intended for a purpose
Unassigned - Available to be spent
Non-spendable - Not in a spendable state

21

What are the types of Fiduciary Funds?

Agency Fund - government acts as an agent or custodian

Pension Trust Fund - Government is a trustee for a pension plan

Investment Trust Fund - Government is a trustee over a series of investments

Private Purpose Trust - Trust that benefits various individuals and entities

22

How are Assets & Liabilities presented on the Statement of Net Position?

Assets (Current & Non-Current)
Deferred Outflows of Resources
Liabilities (Current & Non-Current)
Deferred Inflows of Resources

23

How are Capital Assets shown on a governmental Statement of Net Assets?

They are shown net of debt

Asset Cost - Accumulated Depreciation - Asset Liabilities = Net Assets

24

How is infrastructure reported on a governmental Statement of Net Assets?

Modified approach:

Reported at cost; no accumulated depreciation

25

How is a Statement of Net Assets divided?

Into Governmental Activities and Business Activities

26

How are activities presented in a Statement of Activities?

They are divided by function

If the activities of a component are distinguishable from the rest of the governmental entity; then discreet presentation is required

If the activities of the component cannot be identified and separated from the rest of the governmental activities; then blended presentation is warranted.

Component units are reported in the Entity-Wide Financial Statements and not the Fund Financial Statements.