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Flashcards in GRE04 Deck (200):
1

anonymity

state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous

2

reprieve

postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of

3

elegy

poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac

4

mogul

powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian

5

sublime

causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter

6

lineage

descent; ancestry

7

sanguinary

bloody; with much bloodshed

8

ferocious

fierce; violent; N. ferocity

9

circumscribe

limit; confine; draw a line around

10

compulsive

resulting from compulsion

11

titter

nervous giggle; nervous laugh; V.

12

prophetic

of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet

13

seclusion

isolation; solitude; V. seclude: set apart from others; isolate

14

egregious

notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking

15

importune

beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)

16

rakish

jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.

17

florid

ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose

18

whorl

ring of leaves around stem; ring; circular arrangement;

19

equity

fairness; justice; OP. inequity

20

nimble

quick in movement; agile; quick in understanding; Ex. nimble climber/mind

21

ceremonious

marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy

22

pecuniary

pertaining to money

23

dominate

control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù

24

whinny

neigh like a horse; CF. neigh: make the sound which horses make

25

tenancy

possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy

26

angular

sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner

27

fetish(fetich)

object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism

28

serrated

having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf

29

laity

laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy

30

macabre

gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death

31

scaffold

temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution

32

hostility

unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile

33

penology

study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation

34

premeditate

plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder

35

pulverize

crush or grind into very small particles

36

ponderous

having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing

37

charisma

divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism

38

rider

amendment or clause added to a legislative bill

39

scuttle

sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull

40

oculist

physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes

41

gouge

overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury

42

unregenerate

making no attempt to change one's bad practices

43

dabble

work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid

44

pose

assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.

45

nomadic

wandering; N. nomad: tribe who migrates from place to place

46

voluminous

having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large

47

loathe

detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell

48

buoyant

able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market

49

rustic

pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person

50

sentient

capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience

51

application

diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself

52

ecliptic

path of the sun and the planets

53

spangle

small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation

54

forswear

renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure

55

impeach

charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility

56

dialectical

relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments

57

serpentine

winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; Ex. serpentine course of the river; N. serpent: snake

58

capitulate

surrender; give up all resistance

59

inclusive

tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge

60

pastry

paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)

61

Machiavellian

crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power

62

gush

(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.

63

alliteration

repetition of beginning sound in poetry

64

falsify

make (something written) false by changing

65

graphic

pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described

66

ploy

strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy

67

remit

transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment

68

multiform

having many forms

69

physiological

pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology

70

smart

intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain

71

cohorts

group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)

72

fodder

coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food

73

cognate

having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.

74

doctrinaire

unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties

75

miscellany

mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items

76

adjuration

solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly

77

resurge

rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again

78

sap

diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.

79

molt(moult)

periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)

80

fluster

confuse; make nervous and confused; N.

81

dossier

file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back

82

pang

sudden sharp feeling of pain

83

deputize

work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away

84

duplicity

double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous

85

pen

fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose

86

decrepit

weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man

87

impromptu

without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment

88

beseech

beg; plead with

89

banal

hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed

90

drivel

nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense

91

clot

half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.

92

discombobulated

discomposed; confused

93

musky

having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer

94

monetary

pertaining to money

95

sunder

separate; part; CF. asunder

96

metropolis

large city

97

estranged

separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement

98

unwonted

unaccustomed; unusual; Ex. He arrived with unwonted punctuality.

99

referendum

direct vote by all the people

100

wake

trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war

101

egotism

tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance

102

emancipate

set free; liberate

103

mendicant

beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar

104

interrogate

question closely; cross-examine; cross-question

105

foible

small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble

106

alluvial

pertaining to soil deposits left by running water

107

incubate

hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease

108

bullion

gold and silver in the form of bars

109

sect

separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group

110

levee

earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise

111

dishonor

disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable

112

versatile

having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility

113

rationalize

make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization

114

reiterate

repeat

115

flirt

behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious

116

culmination

highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war

117

glower

scowl; glare; look or stare angrily

118

dorsal

relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin

119

fervor

glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat

120

mete

measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment

121

acuity

sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)

122

celerity

speed; rapidity

123

vainglorious

boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity

124

annex

attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one

125

embargo

ban on commerce or other activity

126

scurrilous

abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark

127

skeptic

sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism

128

supplicate

petition humbly; pray to grant a favor

129

controvert

oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy

130

crestfallen

dejected; dispirited

131

panegyric

formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.

132

assuage

mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)

133

august

impressive; majestic

134

impenitent

not repentant

135

gross

total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens

136

indolent

lazy

137

bizarre

fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional

138

aberrant

abnormal or deviant

139

askew

crookedly; slanted; at an angle

140

spare

give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time

141

nostalgia

homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic

142

humility

humbleness of spirit

143

sensuous

giving pleasure to the senses; pertaining to the physical senses; operating through the senses; sensuous feeling of soft velvet on the skin

144

vain

full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity

145

quell

suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. ``Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; CF. kill

146

hideous

repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream

147

demented

insane; wacky

148

cleave

split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven

149

tessellated

mosaic; inlaid; Ex. tessellated pattern

150

prance

move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)

151

commandeer

take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes

152

subsistence

existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)

153

lampoon

ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution

154

denizen

(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor

155

magnitude

greatness (in size or extent); extent

156

crypt

secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)

157

baleful

evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look

158

gyroscope

apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.

159

ungainly

(of someone) awkward in movement; clumsy; (of something) unwieldy; Ex. ungainly dancer/instrument

160

ruse

trick to deceive; stratagem

161

collaborate

work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy

162

simper

smirk; smile in a silly way; smile affectedly

163

recalcitrant

disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child

164

hierarchy

arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority

165

hothead

person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded

166

succumb

yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. succumb to the illness

167

contraband

illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.

168

fatuous

smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness

169

unction

the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction

170

unsullied

untarnished; CF. sully

171

chasten

discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate

172

innate

inborn

173

extemporaneous

not planned; impromptu; extempore

174

bombastic

pompous; using inflated language

175

hazard

venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger

176

polygamist

one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry

177

dismantle

take apart; disassemble

178

viscid

adhesive; gluey

179

beatitude

blessedness; state of great happiness

180

exegesis

explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages

181

stanch

stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound

182

obsequy

funeral ceremony

183

stout

rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter

184

centrifuge

machine that separates substances by whirling them

185

humor

indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor

186

recumbent

reclining; lying down completely or in part

187

despot

tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism

188

whimsical

capricious; fanciful; amusingly strange

189

hilarity

boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter

190

servitude

slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment

191

spat

squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel

192

prude

excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety

193

ignoble

unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed

194

snicker

half-stifled(suppressed) laugh; V.

195

scrimmage

disorderly fight between two or more people

196

speechless

unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger

197

solicit

entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer

198

permeable

that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge

199

spartan

without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life

200

olfactory

concerning the sense of smell