Great Vowel Shift Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Great Vowel Shift Deck (13):
1

the GVS - Affected only :

long vowels

2

The high vowels /i:/ and /u:/ became :

diphthongized to /ai/ and /au/.

3

English has (old) _____ matched to the (newer) ______.

ME orthography, EME sound system

4

what mark
the beginning of a decoupling of pronunciation from spelling.
?

The Great Vowel Shift together with printing

5

Words borrowed early, a couple of centuries after the Norman conquest:

retain the
pronunciation of Norman French at the time.
- ch /tʃ/: chief, chance, charge, merchant
- oi /ɔɪ/: joy, toil, point, join

6

Later borrowings were from Central (Parisian) French and reflect:

a later pronunciation
- ch /ʃ/: chauffeur, chic, machine (borrowed 1540s)

7

Words borrowed early from Norman French have had a lot of time to become anglicized and are
accented on the:

first syllable (merchant, chamber, warranty)

8

Later borrowings tend to retain the French stress on the :

last syllable: machine, guarantee, prestige

9

Why does pronunciation change?
* Discredited theories

- Climate
- Racial characteristics

10

neighbouring sounds become more alike :

assimilation

11

neighbouring sounds become different:

dissimilation

12

tendency for clusters to be simplified:

simplification

13

unstressed syllable is dropped:

Elision