Flashcards in Great Vowel Shift Deck (13):
the GVS - Affected only :
The high vowels /i:/ and /u:/ became :
diphthongized to /ai/ and /au/.
English has (old) _____ matched to the (newer) ______.
ME orthography, EME sound system
the beginning of a decoupling of pronunciation from spelling.
The Great Vowel Shift together with printing
Words borrowed early, a couple of centuries after the Norman conquest:
pronunciation of Norman French at the time.
- ch /tʃ/: chief, chance, charge, merchant
- oi /ɔɪ/: joy, toil, point, join
Later borrowings were from Central (Parisian) French and reflect:
a later pronunciation
- ch /ʃ/: chauffeur, chic, machine (borrowed 1540s)
Words borrowed early from Norman French have had a lot of time to become anglicized and are
accented on the:
first syllable (merchant, chamber, warranty)
Later borrowings tend to retain the French stress on the :
last syllable: machine, guarantee, prestige
Why does pronunciation change?
* Discredited theories
- Racial characteristics
neighbouring sounds become more alike :
neighbouring sounds become different:
tendency for clusters to be simplified: