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Flashcards in World English Summary Deck (16):
1

Expeditions to the New World when?

in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries

2

who landed in Newfoundland (1497)

Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot sailing for England)

3

The Mayflower landed where and when?

at Plymouth Rock in 1620.

4

with the Mayfair came the:

- Mainly from the east of England: non-rhotic –r

5

Joachimsthal (Joachim’s valley) was a:

German speaking area in the Czech Republic

6

what happened in Joachimsthal (Joachim’s valley)?

The mines in this area produced a very high grade of silver. The silver was used to make coins. The coins became known as “Joachimsthaler”, which was shortened to “Thaler” (th = t). The Dutch borrowed the term for a unit of currency and “Dutchisized” it into “dollar”. They brought this name for a unit of currency to New Amsterdam.

7

American Declaration of Independence year:

1776

8

why did the american declaration of independence happen?

- They wanted to dissociate themselves from the British in every way, including linguistically.

9

Benjamin Franklin (printer, publisher, statesman) used the spellings :

honor, theater, and plow.

10

who - Advocated good articulation of every letter and syllable:?

noah webster

11

American English, although it has dialects, is considered to be:

more uniform than British English

12

- The US has a huge land mass but only three main accents:

- Virginia colony 1607 – Southern
- Puritan colonies 1620 - Northern
- Pennsylvania Quakers 1681 (and others) – Midland

13

* Three circles of global English (based on Kachru):

Inner (L1 speakers where English is a majority language: UK, US, Australia, Canada,…)
- “Norm-producing” models
- Outer (English as L2 in multilingual setting: it is established and has some kind of special status:
India, Singapore, Kenya, Philippines,….)
- “Norm-developing”
- Expanding (English has no special status: China, Russia, Japan,...)
- “Norm-dependent”

14

A “new” English:

South Asian English (SAE)

15

South Asian English ranks:

- Ranks third in number of speakers after American and British

16

Pronunciation of SAE:

- Syllable timed (like French)
- Distinctive /r/