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Flashcards in Ongoing Change Summary Deck (17):
1

Until the late eighteenth century, it was impossible to use the:

progressive and the passive together (Instead: The house is building.
Now: The house is being built. (progressive + passive)

2

after 1800, - More phrasal and prepositional verbs:

to put off, to shrug off, to ice up

3

which passive Became common in the nineteenth century?

the GET passive (they got beaten)------- - More focus on the action or change than with the be-passive:

4

what are Neologisms ?

new words

5

examples of neologisms?

- Trade names become generalized: kleenex, xerox, google, band-aid, Levis
- Original inventions: blurb, googol (10100)
- No traceable origins: quiz, fun, slang, pooch, snob

6

Making a shorter word out of a longer word by removing the affixes is called:

back-formation

7

examples of back-formation:

: to baby-sit from baby-sitter, to televise (from television)

8

: changing the function of a word without changing the form is called:

conversion

9

examples of conversion:

to google, to email, to catalogue

10

Putting parts of two words together to form one is called:

blending

11

examples of blending:

motel, smog

12

Part of the word stands for the whole is called:

- Shortening / clipping

13

examples of - Shortening / clipping:

ad, demo, exam, plane, gym

14

Abbreviations made from the initials of the words is called:

Acronyms

15

example of an acronym:

radar, scuba

16

The initials cannot be pronounced as a single word is called:

initialisms

17

examples of initialisms:

CBC, SAQ, TMR, NDG