Flashcards in Ongoing Change Summary Deck (17):
Until the late eighteenth century, it was impossible to use the:
progressive and the passive together (Instead: The house is building.
Now: The house is being built. (progressive + passive)
after 1800, - More phrasal and prepositional verbs:
to put off, to shrug off, to ice up
which passive Became common in the nineteenth century?
the GET passive (they got beaten)------- - More focus on the action or change than with the be-passive:
what are Neologisms ?
examples of neologisms?
- Trade names become generalized: kleenex, xerox, google, band-aid, Levis
- Original inventions: blurb, googol (10100)
- No traceable origins: quiz, fun, slang, pooch, snob
Making a shorter word out of a longer word by removing the affixes is called:
examples of back-formation:
: to baby-sit from baby-sitter, to televise (from television)
: changing the function of a word without changing the form is called:
examples of conversion:
to google, to email, to catalogue
Putting parts of two words together to form one is called:
examples of blending:
Part of the word stands for the whole is called:
- Shortening / clipping
examples of - Shortening / clipping:
ad, demo, exam, plane, gym
Abbreviations made from the initials of the words is called:
example of an acronym:
The initials cannot be pronounced as a single word is called: