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Flashcards in Growth & Development PP Deck (48)
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1

Neonatal period

birth -28 days

2

infancy period

birth-12 months

3

neonatal period overlaps infancy period, t or f

true

4

important developmental screening visits take place at

9-18-30 months

5

purpose of early intervention programs

optimize developmental potential

6

surveillance vs screening

screening = one-time picture
surveillance = over a period of time

7

first sign of puberty in girls

thelarche - breast development; by age 14

8

who enters puberty first, boys or girls

girls

9

first sign of puberty in boys

gonadalarche - enlargement of testes

10

the first two years of brain growth is aided by

whole milk; after 12 months

11

cant give children whole milk under 12 months; leads to

rectal bleed

12

can you give honey to a child under 12 months of age

no, can cause botulism

13

if child plots below 5th percentile

warrants a referral; a concern

14

if child plots above 95th percentile

warrants a referral; a concern

15

if a child drops 2 growth channels between well visits

warrants a referral; a concern

16

recumbent length is measured

laying flat; under age 3
push knees down

17

stature height is done

standing; greater than 3 year old
remove shoes
nurse must put pressure to hold head at 90 degrees

18

first 12 months growth rate (in inches)

9-11 inches

19

**at 5 months birth weight

doubles

20

**by one year birth weight

triples

21

**by 30 months birth weight

quadruples

22

head circumference must be done for children who are

2 years or younger; use paper tape

23

sit without support

8 months old

24

creeping at age

9 months

25

pulling to stand

1 year

26

palmar grasp

5 months

27

pincer grasp

9 months

28

dress themselves at age

3 years old

29

if your interested/concerned about drugs/alcohol in adolescence how would you approach that

identify - kids your age do this, do you like to? what do you like to do?

30

separation anxiety (age)

starts at 6 months goes to 30 months; peaks at 16 months
parent out of view, baby cries, looks for mom

31

adolescence have a fable, which is

invincible - take great risks

32

3 types of temperament in child

easy - positive
difficult - reacts to new stimuli negatively
slow-to-warm - combination; low activity level

33

piaget theory

cognitive development

34

piaget birth - 2

sensory motor stage - see, feel, touch, chew
offer pacifier

35

piaget age 2-7

preoperational stage - magical thinking, transducive reasoning, animism
allow self-feeding

36

piaget 7-11

operational stage - how body works, cant do abstractions

37

piaget adolsence (11-16)

formal operations - abstractions

38

erikson theory

psycho-social development

39

erikson birth-1.5 y.o.

trust vs. mistrust
assign same caregiver
hold/comfort baby

40

erikson 1.5-3 y.o.

autonomy vs. shame and doubt
allow self-feeding

41

erikson 3-5 y.o.

initiative vs. guilt

42

erikson 5-12 y.o.

industry vs. inferiority
continue school work while hospitalized
knock on door
bring toy from home

43

erikson 12-18 y.o.

ego identity vs. role confusion
teaching aids for sexuality

44

solitary play provide

use of busy box
independent

45

toddlers engage in this type of play

parallel play - geographic

46

associative play is

group play without group goals

47

cooperative play - school age

rules are understood; group goals, organized

48

play is therapeutic at any age, t or f

true