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Flashcards in Integumentary Deck (17):
1

what is dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

2

s/s of dermatitis

pruritis* most common
hx of allergic conditions
can lead to secondary conditions

3

causes of dermatitis

allergens
jewelry
urine (diaper dermatitis)
plants (poison ivy)

4

prevention of dermatitis is trying to find the cause (prevention) t or f

true

5

trt for contact dermatitis

calamine lotion
anti-histamines (benadryl to help them sleep)
burow solution
cool compresses 20 min/day
oatmeal soaks - pat dry
severe - oral/topical corticosteroids

6

how does poison ivy spread

urushiol oil bonds to skin causes a rash

7

does poison ivy spread by scratching

no - myth

8

key to keeping poison ivy from spreading

wash oil off within 10 min - cool water - no harsh soap
wash clothes in hot water
after 1hr with oil you WILL receive the rash

9

diaper dermatitis is caused by

prolonged contact with feces/urine

10

peak age for diaper dermatitis

9-12 months

11

s/s of diaper dermatitis

red, irritated

12

prevention for diaper dermatitis

zinc oxide creams
barrier creams
change diaper often
avoid powder

13

why don't we want to use talc powder

don't want children to breathe it in

14

diaper dermatitis can turn into this

candida albicans - a fungal infection

15

s/s of candida albicans

beefy red
satellite pustules (candida)

16

trt for candida albicans

*anti-fungal ointment (nystatin) (FIRST)
barrier cream on top

17

Mgmt for atopic dermatitis

hydration - bathe w/mild soap; immed. (within 3 min) apply moisturizer
finding triggers
reducing inflammation
relief of pruritis
reduce risk for secondary infection - cover hands to reduce scratching at night - keep nails short