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Flashcards in ITP Case Study Deck (13):
1

ITP stands for

Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

2

what do they believe causes ITP

immune response to having an URI

3

what age group is ITP typically found in

ages 2-10

4

s/s of ITP

pin-point purpuric rash
bruises in various stages of healing
spontaneous bleeding
thrombocytopenia

5

what happens in ITP

platelets get coated with an anti-platelet antigen, platelets decrease

6

Dx of ITP

platelet count

7

ITP is often mistaken for child abuse, t or f

true - bruises in various stages of healing

8

trt for chronic ITP

splenectomy

9

what are they at risk for with low platelets

bleeding

10

interventions for ITP

soft padded helmet
IVIG suppresses immune response = increased platelets
bone marrow biopsy to rule out leukemia

11

nurs interventions when giving IVIG

vitals before admin
start slowly for 1st 15 min
monitor frequently
8-12 hour infusions
pre-medicate with Benadryl/Tylenol

12

Medication mgmt for ITP

anti-d antibody (not with splenectomy)
prednisone
platelet transfusion

13

avoid these drugs with ITP

ASA and NSAIDS