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Flashcards in Growth Of Democracy - Key Dates Deck (47)
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1

Creation of Germany - Growth of Democracy

1870

2

Wilhelm II becomes Kaiser - Growth of Democracy

1888

3

Weimar Republic set up - Growth of Democracy

1919

4

Spartacist Revolt - Growth of Democracy

Early 1919

5

Kapp Putsch on Berlin - Growth of Democracy

March 1920

6

Invasion of the Ruhr by France and Belgium - Growth of Democracy

1923

7

Munich Putsch - Growth of Democracy

8th-9th November 1923

8

Armistice Signed - Growth of Democracy

11th November 1918

9

Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates - Growth of Democracy

9th November 1918

10

The SPD deliver an ultimatum to the Kaiser to abdicate or they revolt - Growth of Democracy

7th November 1918

11

The Kaiser abdicates and Ebert becomes the new chancellor - Growth of Democracy

9th November 1918

12

Germany joins LoN - Growth of Democracy

1926

13

The Dawes plan is agreed to lend Germany 800 million gold marks - Growth of Democracy

1924

14

What did the Young Plan reduce reparations to? - Growth of Democracy

£1.8bn

15

From 1890 to 1913, how did the trade union membership increase? - Growth of Democracy

From 300,000 to 3,000,000

16

Before the war, what proportion of people voted for the SPD? - Growth of Democracy

1 in 3

17

What did Kaiser Wilhelm II pass between 1898 and 1912 and why? - Growth of Democracy

He passed 5 separate naval laws, instructing an increase in the size of Germany's navy in order to challenge Britain's navy

18

What is weltpolitik? - Growth of Democracy

WORLD POLICY
The Kaiser's desire to create a strong world power and a German Empire

19

What problems did the Kaiser have? - Growth of Democracy

The rise of trade unions
Socialism
Money
International challenge

20

How did the rise of trade unions create a problem for the Kaiser? - Growth of Democracy

From 1890 to 1913, trade union membership grew from 300,000 to 3 million. Wanted to improve workers' rights in contrast to the Kaiser's undemocratic rule

21

How did socialism create problems for the Kaiser? - Growth of Democracy

The SPD had over 1/3 of the vote in elections
Contrasted the Kaiser's dictator like rule, some radical socialists wanted to overthrow his rule

22

How did money create problems for the Kaiser? - Growth of Democracy

The Kaiser needed money to advance industry and his navy, which involved raising taxes. This made workers unhappy, and they then voted for the SPD

23

When did the Kiel Mutiny happen and what occurred? - Growth of Democracy

28th OCTOBER 1918 - The sailors in the Navy at Kiel refused to fight. This mutiny spread to other sections of the armed forces and workers supported them

24

How much state budget was spent on German war pensions by 1925? - Growth of Democracy

1/3 of budget

25

How was the president elected in Weimar? - Growth of Democracy

Elected by the people

26

What advantage did the Weimar regime have for German women? - Growth of Democracy

All men AND WOMEN over 20 could vote in elections

27

What problems did proportional representation have? - Growth of Democracy

Lots of small parties got small numbers of Reichstag seats as a percentage of votes signalled a percentage of seats. PARTIES STRUGGLED TO GET MAJORITIES, COALITIONS COMMON.

28

What problems did Article 48 have? - Growth of Democracy

A president could abuse their powers to become a dictator as it granted them 'emergency' powers if used. An emergency is not defined.

29

Who were the 'November criminals'? - Growth of Democracy

The politicians who signed the Armistice in November 1918. They were seen as condemning Germany to economic crisis.

30

How did the Spartacist uprising of 1919 end? - Growth of Democracy

The government enlisted the help of Army Freikorps, who crushed the revolution and murdered Freida Luxembourg and Karl Leibnecht