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Flashcards in Peace Treaties Deck (28)
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1

Treaty of St Germain dealt with... - Peace Treaties

Austria, Bohemia and Moravia(Czechoslovakia), Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia (Yugoslavia). (1919)

2

Treaty of Neuilly dealt with... - Peace Treaties

Bulgaria (1919)

3

Treaty of Trianon dealt with... - Peace Treaties

Hungary (1920)

4

Treaty of Sèvres dealt with... - Peace Treaties

Turkey (1920)

5

Austria - Peace Treaties

Treaty of St Germain (1919)

6

Bulgaria - Peace Treaties

Treaty of Neuilly (1919)

7

Hungary - Peace Treaties

Treaty of Trianon

8

Turkey - Peace Treaties

Treaty of Sèvres

9

What were the aims of Woodrow Wilson at the PPC? - Peace Treaties

Wanted it to reflect his view of self determination
Wanted it to be fair, creating permanent peace without bitterness
Didn’t suffer as big human or economic losses, wanted it fair

10

What were the aims of Georges Clemenceau at the PPC? - Peace Treaties

A HARSH treaty that would weaken Germany so they wouldn’t invade again. Break GER into smaller states. Get large economic compensation. REVENGE

11

What were the aims of Lloyd-George at the PPC? - Peace Treaties

A mixed treaty. Wanted to weaken GER's navy and empire so they didn’t challenge BRI's. Germany to have an army as a buffer for communism. Wanted trading with Germany to continue.

12

Name 3 military restrictions of the TOV - Peace Treaties

Conscription banned, 100,000 men in the army, no Air Force, no submarines. 6 battleships

13

Name 3 territorial losses of the ToV - Peace Treaties

Alsace-Lorraine to France
Saar lost (INDUSTRY)
Danzig made a free port
Polish corridor to Poland
Upper Silesia to Poland
All overseas colonies

14

What problems did article 231 have? - Peace Treaties

The war guilt clause damaged German pride

15

What was France's reaction to the ToV? - Peace Treaties

Thought it wasn’t harsh enough, voted out Clemenceau as a result. Wanted to weaken Germany further

16

What was Britain's reaction to the ToV? - Peace Treaties

Thought it damaged Germany too much economically. Lost too much land. Happy that their empire was restricted.

17

What was the USA's reaction to the ToV? - Peace Treaties

Said reparations were too high. Happy Germany lost colonies

18

What was Germany's reaction to the ToV? - Peace Treaties

Hated military restrictions. Felt exposed and damaged their prides. Others not made to disarm. Reparations were heavily damaging. Territorial losses weakened industry. Hated war guilt clause

19

What is a Diktat? - Peace Treaties

A dictated peace

20

What did the Treaty of Trianon (Hungary) enforce? - Peace Treaties

Meant 3 million Hungarians were displaced.
Limited army

21

What did the Treaty of St Germain enforce? - Peace Treaties

Army limited to 30,000
Anschluss was banned

22

What did the Treaty of Neuilly (Bulgaria) enforce? - Peace Treaties

Army was limited to 20,000
Had to pay £100m in reparations

23

What did the Treaty of Sèvres (Turkey) enforce? - Peace Treaties

Lost Smyrna to Greece and Syria to France

24

What problems did the Treaty of Sèvres have? - Peace Treaties

Turkish nationalists challenged the treaty by regaining Smyrna. The Treaty of Lausanne rectified this by returning Smyrna to Turkey

25

What percentage of coal and steel production did Germany lose as a result of the ToV? - Peace Treaties

16% of coal
48% of steel

26

When was the value of reparations agreed for the ToV? - Peace Treaties

1921 - agreed at £6.6 billion

27

Who was the German leader who signed the ToV? - Peace Treaties

Friedrich Ebert

28

Who were the big three?

Lloyd George
Clemenceau
Wilson