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Flashcards in Long Term Memory Deck (60)
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1

When was the armistice which ended WW1 signed?

November 11, 1918

2

Who were the leaders of the big three?

Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson

3

Why did France want a harsh treaty for Germany?

Because much of France had been destroyed by Germany in the war.

4

How did Clemenceau and Lloyd George disagree over reparations and German armament?

Lloyd George didn’t want too harsh a treaty for Germany so that Germany wouldn’t seek revenge on them.

5

What does diktat mean?

Forced peace

6

When was the treaty of Versailles signed?

28th June 1919

7

Why did the Russian Revolution in 1917 worry the big three?

They were terrified of the threat of communism on and hoped to use Germany as a buffer against communism.

8

Name three territories Germany lost

Togoland, polish corridor, Alsace Lorraine

9

How much coal and steel did Germany lose?

16% coal
48% steel

10

What were reparations set at in 1921?

£6.6 billion

11

What union between Germany and Austria was forbidden?

Anschluss

12

What was article 231?

War guilt clause

13

Which treaty dealt with turkey?

Treaty of Sevrés

14

What was the Kaiser trying to achieve through his policy of Weltpolitik?

To make Germany a global power.

15

What was Germany allowed to join after signing the Locarno Treaty in 1925?

The League of Nations

16

Who became the new socialist leader of Germany after World war 1

Friedrich Ebert

17

When did Germany stop paying reparations?

December of 1922

18

How did traditional Germans react to the cultural changes in Germany between 1924 and 1928?

They didn’t agree with the amount of change in modern culture and wanted things to stay as they were.

19

In which year was the reparations figure set?

1921

20

Name one group of people who were badly affected by hyperinflation.

Pensioners

21

By 1913, Germany was a strong industrial nation producing lots of what?

Coal and steel

22

Who is the politician most associated with the Weimar recovery between 1924 and 1928

Gustav Stresemann

23

Name the three main events in the year of crisis- 1923.

Invasion of the Ruhr, hyperinflation and the Munich putsch

24

What was article 48 of the Weimar constitution?

It gave the chancellor full power in times of emergency.

25

Which countries invaded the Ruhr in 1923?

France and Belgium

26

Whilst in prison for the Munich Putsch what did Hitler decide about his attempt to gain power in Germany?

To be more democratic in his attempt to gain power?

27

Name one problem caused by proportional representation.

No quick decision making in government.

28

What was the name of the plan that led America lending money to Germany in 1924?

The Young plan

29

Which group supported Dr Wolfgang Kapp in his attempted Putsch in 1920

The Freikorps

30

What did the Kaiser do on the 9th of November 1918?

He abdicated