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Flashcards in Guilds And Crusades Deck (46):
0

Simony

Selling or buying of a position in a Christian church.

1

Gothic

Style of church architecture that developed in medival Europe

2

Urban 2

Pope who called the 1st crusade

3

Crusade

Expedition which medival Christian warriors sought to recover Jerusalem from the Muslims.

4

Saladin

Muslim leader who defeated jeruslum in 1187

5

Richard the lion hearted

English king who was left to regain holy land from Saladin

6

3 field system

System of farming in Europe which farmland divided into 3 parts.

7

Guild

Medieval association of people working same job controlling prices and it's members

8

Commercial revolution

Expansion of buisness and trade that transformed European economies

9

Burgher

Medival merchant town dweller

10

Vernacular

Everyday language of people in a region

11

Manga carta

Document guaranteeing basic political rights in England

12

Year when urban 2 called for a meeting in France to discuss the crusades

1095

13

Pope who called crusade meeting

Urban 2

14

The meetin that pope urban called in 1095 was called

Council at Clourmont

15

City that was called the holy land

Jeruslum

16

When was 1st crusade

1096

17

Year 1st crusade ended

1099

18

Muslims took back jeruslum in what year

1187

19

Muslim king who aided the Muslims in taking back jeruslum

Saladin

20

3rd crusade also known as

Kings crusade

21

3 kings who launched the kings crusade and where their from

Phillip 2 of France, Fredrick Barbarossa of Holy Roman Empire, Richard of England

22

What year did Richard lion hearted die

1199

23

4th crusade pope innocent excommunicates who

Entire army

24

Did kings gain or lose power on feudal lands

Gain power

25

Trade towns started with

Merchant guilds

26

Becoming a guild member you started at what age

7

27

When becoming a guild member at age 7 you are called

Apprentance

28

Did aprentances make money

No

29

Paid worker

Journeymen

30

Project of journeymen

Masterpiece

31

Journeymen turn into

Master craftsman

32

3 positive of being in medival town

Trade, guilds, a new start

33

3 negitives of being in a medival town

Dirty, sickness, many thieves

34

Town had high or low population

Low

35

King of England dies in what year

1065

36

Who claimed the throne in 1065 when the king died

Harold

37

Men sworn under oath to William

Jure

38

Book William records taxes in

Doomsday book

39

King after William the conquer

William Rufus

40

King after William Rufus and what did he do

Henry 1 brought a treasurer for finances

41

Henry 2 did what

Brought judicial system

42

Richard dies in what year

1199

43

King john had 3 enemies who were

Pope innocent 3, Phillip 2 of France, his own nobles.

44

John excommunicated in what year

1209

45

John forced to Sign magnicarda in what year

1214