Hardware A - CPU, Binary Logic and Memory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hardware A - CPU, Binary Logic and Memory Deck (30)
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1

This factor determines how many operations a CPU can carry out per unit time

Clock Speed

2

Clock Speed

This factor determines how many operations a CPU can carry out per unit time

3

A single CPU may contain numerous individual processors, called ?

Cores

4

Cores

A single CPU may contain numerous individual processors, called ?

5

Number system in base 2 that computers use to represent data and instructions

Binary

6

Binary

Number system in base 2 that computers use to represent data and instructions

7

Type of non-volatile memory that holds crucial information such as the boot program

ROM

8

ROM

Type of non-volatile memory that holds crucial information such as the boot program

9

Main memory of a computer that stores data, applications and the operating system whilst in use

RAM

10

RAM

Main memory of a computer that stores data, applications and the operating system whilst in use

11

Term used to describe memory that requires power to maintain the data stored within it

Volatile

12

Volatile

Term used to describe memory that requires power to maintain the data stored within it

13

Type of memory that combines your computers RAM with temporary space on your hard disk

Virtual

14

Virtual

Type of memory that combines your computers RAM with temporary space on your hard disk

15

A small, high-speed type of memory that stores frequently used instructions or data

Cache

16

Cache

A small, high-speed type of memory that stores frequently used instructions or data

17

Part of the CPU that performs all of the arithmetic and logical functions

ALU

18

ALU

Part of the CPU that performs all of the arithmetic and logical functions

19

Part of the CPU that co-ordinates the flow of data within the computer system

Control unit

20

Control unit

Part of the CPU that co-ordinates the flow of data within the computer system

21

Computer circuits that produces an output from several inputs. For example, AND

Logic gate

22

Logic gate

Computer circuits that produces an output from several inputs. For example, AND

23

Part of a computer architecture that transfers data between different computer components

Bus

24

Bus

Part of a computer architecture that transfers data between different computer components

25

Central printed circuit board that holds the different computer components

Motherboard

26

Motherboard

Central printed circuit board that holds the different computer components

27

Diagram used to show the value of a Boolean expression for all possible variable combinations

Truth Table

28

Truth Table

Diagram used to show the value of a Boolean expression for all possible variable combinations

29

Memory type used by SSDs, USB drives and SD cards (derived from solid-state storage)

Flash

30

Flash

Memory type used by SSDs, USB drives and SD cards (derived from solid-state storage)