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Flashcards in Henry VIII foreign policy Deck (15)
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1
Q
What Treaty was signed in 1518?
A
The Treaty of London which brought peace to 20 different nations.
organised by Wolsey.
Did not have longevity as England and France had disputes a few years later.
2
Q
What happened in 1511?
A
Henry joined the Holy league.
Spain, Venice and the HRE all involved against France.
3
Q
What were Henry's main aim for foreign policy?
A
The seizure of land from France.
His idol was Henry V who seized half of France.
Henry had 3 seperate wars with Fance.
4
Q
Why was 1520 important? Was it a success?
A
The field of cloth of gold was organised by Wolsey in 1520.
It cost Henry a years revenue.
It seemed Henry wanted to keep peace with the new king of France.
6000 people attended.
Gained Henry no diplomatic advantage just acted as an ego boost.
5
Q
What Treaty was signed in 1525?
A
Treaty of More Was signed between England and France.
England gave up Tornai and Theuranne in return for a French pension of 20k.
6
Q
What was the Scotish battle of 1513?
A
Battle of Flodden.
James VI dies in battle and leaves 1 year old James V on the throne ( Scotland vunrable )
Largest amount of Scotish troops to cross the border(40-50k)
Auld Alliance becomes apparant.
7
Q
What was the French battle of 1513?
A
Battle of Spurs.
The capture of Tornai and Thuranne.
Wolsey congratulated by the pope.
8
Q
why was 1525 seen as the turning point of foreign affairs for europe?
A
Charles V won the Battle of Pavia 1525, he captured the king of France (Francais). This meant any future alliances with Spain were useless as they already had ultimate control, which hurt Henrys ego.
9
Q
Why was there less focus on foreign policy between 1527-40?
A
Henry focussed on the great matter
also tried to avoid any catholic crusade as a consequence
tried to further protestant allies in schmalkaldik league
10
Q
What occured at the start of his reign?
A
He inherited his fathers councillors (bishop fox etc) who mainly wanted peace with mainland Europe, seen in the renewal of treaty of Etaples 1510.
3 years later henry launched an attack of france
11
Q
What king died in 1515.
A
Death of louis XII, succeeded by Francais.
12
Q
Which king died in 1516.
A
Death of Ferdinand of Aragon, ascended by Charles.
13
Q
describe the battle that occurred in 1545
A
The battle was name the battle of ancrum more 1545
this was to counter Henry and try and re-capture the town of Boulogne.
failed by September 1545 after they had failed and the north invasion of England never materialised
This lead to the Treaty of Ardres being signed in 1546
14
Q
what treaty was signed in 1546.
A
The treaty of Ardres between England and France.
Henry was able to keep Bolougne and have the French pay outstanding pensions
15
Q
Why was the introduction of two new kings important for the balance of power?
A
Balance in power changes as France and Spain get new kings which marks a more peaceful phase, Wolsey and Henry try to stamp their mark on Europe displaying their power through the Field of Cloth of Gold and Treaty of London. The peace heralded by the Treaty of London between the European powers proves to be a paper exercise however as France attacks Navarre in Spain are unsuccessful as England’s alliance with Spain, formalised by the Treaty of Bruges proves unfruitful as Henry is left stranded by Charles.