High Yield Anatomy for National Boards Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > High Yield Anatomy for National Boards > Flashcards

Flashcards in High Yield Anatomy for National Boards Deck (109):
1

major injury triad with lateral impact to knee

meniscus and anterior cruciate ligament

2

locking of knee when walking suggest

meniscus injury

3

spinal leve of achielles reflex

S1

4

spinal level of patellar reflex

L4

5

dermatome to small toe

S1

6

major dermatome to big toe

L4

7

cutaneous innervation of most dorsum of foot

superficial fibular

8

cutaneous innervation of dorsal aspect of web between toes 1 and 2

deep fibular

9

cutaenous innervation of heel

tibial

10

cutaneous innervation to lateral side of foot

sural, s1

11

cutaneous innervation to medial side of foot

saphenous L4

12

nerve affected with tarsal tunnel syndrome

tibial

13

boundarys of femoral triangle

inguinal ligament, sartorius

14

structure immediately lateral to femoral sheath

femoral nerve

15

structure immediately medial to femoral artery in femoral sheath

femoral vein

16

contents of femoral canal

deep inguinal lymph nodes

17

medial boundary of femoral ring

lacunar ligament

18

structures that course throughout entire length of adductor canal

femoral artery, and vein

19

strucures that course through only portion of adductor canal

saphenous nerve, nerve to vastus medialis, descending genicular vessels

20

muscles that forms floor of popliteal fossa

popliteus

21

muscle that is cheif flexor of hip joint

iliopasoas

22

muscle that prevents the pelvis from tilting when walking

gluteus medius

23

muscles that extends leg

quadricepts femoris

24

muslce that unlocks knee joint

popliteus

25

muscle affected with foot slap

tibialis anterior

26

chief invertors of foot

tibalis anterior and tibialis and posterior

27

chiev evertors of foot

fibularis longus and brevis

28

ligament that checks backward displacement of femur on tibia

anterior cruciate

29

ligament laxity with positive valgus maneuver

medial collateral

30

most commonly injured ankle ligament

anterior talofibular

31

ligament stretched with flat goot

plantar calcaneounavicular

32

joints for movements of inversion and eversion

subtalar and transverse tarsal

33

major artery to head of femur in adult

medial femoral circumflex

34

nerve affected with fracture of head and neck of fibula

common fibular

35

tendon affected with avulsion fracture of 5th metatarsal

fibularis brevis

36

innervation of adductor magnus

obturator, tibial portion of scietic

37

dermatome of thumb

c6

38

nerve to thenar comparment

recurrent branch of median

39

innervation of adductor pollicis

ulnar deep branch

40

innervation of all interosseous mscles

ulnar deep branch

41

region affected by upper trunk injury of brachial plexus

shoulder

42

region affected by lower trunk injury of brachial plexus

intrinsic hand muscles

43

nerve compression with carpal tunnel syndrome

median

44

nerve affected by cubital tunnel syndrome

ulnar

45

paralysis of which muscles results in TOTAL CLAQ

lumbricals

46

exaggerated over curvature of thoracic area of vertebral column

kyphosys

47

lateral deviation of vertebral column

scoliosis

48

major feature of cervical vertebrae

transverse foramina

49

vertebra located at level of illiac crest

l4

50

ligament that connects internal surface of laminae of vertebrae

ligamentum flavum

51

ligament that checks hyperextension of vertebral column

anterior longitudinal

52

ligament affected by whiplash injury

anterior longitudinal

53

ligament which limits skull rotation

alar

54

defective portion of vertebra with spondylothesis in cervical and in lumbar

cervical-pedicle
lumbar-pars interarticularis, lamina

55

common direction of all superior articular facets of vertebrae

posterior

56

structure in contact with posterior surface of dens

transverse ligament of atlas (part of cruciate ligament)

57

most commonly herniated disc

l4-5

58

common nerve compressed with herniated disc

l5

59

spinal nerve affected by protrusion of disc between c5 and c6

c6

60

thoracic intercostal space located deep to triangle of auscultation

sixth

61

vertebral level of lumbar pucture

l4

62

innervation of suboccpital muscles

suboccipital nerve

63

roof f suoboccpital traingle

semispinalis captiis

64

floor of suboccipital triangle

posterior atlanto-occpital membrane

65

major vessel within the suboccpital triangle

vertebral artery

66

synonym for dorsal ramus of c3

greater occpital nerve

67

interior extent of dura arachnoid sac

sv2

68

location of internal vertebral plexus

epidural space

69

inferior extent of spinal cord

lv2

70

most frequently fractured bone of the body

clavicle

71

most frequently dislocated carpal bone

lunate

72

fracture of distal radius that produces dinner fork appearnce

colle's fracture

73

nerve injured with fracture of surgical neck of humerus

axillary

74

nerve injured with fracture of medial epicondyle

ulnar

75

nerve injured with fracture of shaft of humerus

radial

76

nerve injured in wrist drop

radial

77

muscle chief flexor and chief extensor of shoulder joint

deltoid

78

muscles innervated by axillary nerve

deltoid and teres minor

79

muscles that initiate abduction of arm

supraspinatus

80

most commonly torn tendon of rotator cuff

supraspinatus

81

two muscles that rotate scapula for full abduction of arm

trapezius and serratus anterior

82

tendon that courses through shoulder joint

long head of biceps

83

chief supinator muscle of hand

biceps brachii

84

injury to what nerve causes WINGED scapula

long thoracic nerve

85

spinal levels of axillary nerve

c5 and c6

86

spinal level to muscles of hand

c8 and t1

87

growth plates are what type of joints

synchondrosis

88

hip

syovial ball and socket

89

knee

synovial hinge

90

superior tibiofibular

syovial plane

91

inferior tibiofibular

syndesomosis

92

talocrural

synovial hinge

93

talocalcaneal

synovial plane

94

talonavicular

synovial ball and socket

95

calcanecubiod and calcaneunavicular

synovial plane

96

tarsometatarsal and IM

synovial plane

97

tarsometatarsal and intermetattarsal

plane

98

interphalangeal

hinge

99

metatarsophalangeal

synovial, condyloid

100

cosa vara

decreased angle between the femoral shaft and neck

101

genu varum

bow leg

102

coxa valga

increased angle between femoral shaft and neck

103

genu valgum

knock knee

104

superior gluteal (L4-S1) nerve injury

paralysis of gluteus medius and minimus and tensor fascia lata

105

trendelenburg sign

weakness in gluteus medius and minimus by inability to maintain level of pelvis when standing on one foot

106

inferior gluteal nerve injury

paralysis of gluteus maximus, difficulty walking up stairs or rising from seated postion

107

sciatic nerve injury

injury in gluteal region,

108

piriformis syndrome

paralysis of hamstrings and all muscles below knee

109

foot drop

achilles calcaneal reflex is decreased and loss of sensation along lateral posterior leg and entire foot; injuryt in popliteal fossa would SPARE hamstrings