The Upper Extremities Exam Version (: Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Upper Extremities Exam Version (: Deck (57):
1

growth plates are what type of joints

synchondrosis or primary cartilagenous

2

What type of joint is the sternoclavicular joint

synovial and saddle

3

What type of joint is the acromioclavicular joint

synovial, plane/gliding

4

What type of joint is the glenoid joint

synovial, ball and socket

5

What type of joint is the is the elbow joint

synovial and hinge

6

What type of joint is the proximal and distal radioulnar joint

synovial and pivot

7

What type of joint is the radiocarpal joint

synovial and condyloid

8

What type of joint is the intercarpal joint

synovial and plane/gliding

9

What type of joint is the carpometacarpls 2-5

synovial, plane/gliding

10

What type of joint is the carpometacarpal 1 joint

synovial saddle

11

What type of joint is the intermetacarpal joint

synovial, plane/gliding

12

What type of joint is the intermetacarpal joint ?

synovial, condyloid

13

What type of joint is the the distal interphalangeoul and the proximal interphalngeal joint

synovial and hinge

14

C6 dermatome is unequviocally where

thumb

15

c7 dermatome is unequivacoally where

middle finger

16

c8 dermatome is unequivacoally where

pinky

17

T1 dermatome is unequivacoally where

medial forearm and (distal arm)

18

referred pain for peritonitis, gall bladder inflammation, hepatic abcess

should pain c3-c5

19

referred pain for heart GVA pain accompanying symapthic innervation to heart

chest wall and medial aspect of LEFT upper limb

20

Dupuytrens Contracture

pathological thickening and shortening of the bundles of the palmar aponeurosis which draws fingers into the palm to such a degree they become useless (commonly affects digit 4 and 5 and can appear as ulnar claw hand

21

What structures are in danger when the calvical breaks

suprascapular vein, artery, nerve, supraclavicular nerve, brachial plexus and subclavein

22

Complete separation of the AC joint results in rupture of what

acromioclavicular and coracoclaviular ligaments

23

bursitis

inflammation of the subdeltoid and subacromial bursa

24

what is the most commonly injured rotator cuff muscle

supraspinatus

25

What are the rotator cuff muscles

Supraspinatus
infraspinatus
teres minor
subscapualris

26

What is the drop arm test

testing supraspinatus muscle
going down from 90 degree abduction is supposed to be a smooth controlled motion
if not it usually means the supraspiinatus muscle is injured

27

What is a boxers fracture

fracture of the 5th metacarpal (pinky mentacarpal)

28

Golfers wrist

fracture of hook of hamate

29

What is the most commonly fractured carpal bone

scaphoid

30

If you fall on an outstretched hand

youth- displacement of distal radial epiphysis
adolescent-clavicular fracture
elederly-colles fracture

31

what is the most commonly dislocated carpal bone

lunate

32

What is the terrible triad

injury to the elbow charcterisized by disocation, radial head fracture and avulsion to coronoid process

33

What is Tommy John Surgery

reconstruction of a torun ulnar collateral ligament

34

tearing of the annular ligament causes what

dislocation of the radial head common in children

35

colles fracture

transverse fracture of distal radius with dorsal displacement off the handl

36

What is the Allen's Test

pale hand test, testing the radial and ulnar arteries

37

if the axillary vein is lacerated what must be preserved in order to maintain blood return

cephalic vein

38

Characteristics of Erb's Duchenne Palsy

injury to C5 and C6
paralysis to flexors, abductors and LATERAL rotators of the arm
arm is adducted, medially roatted and extendedq

39

Klumpke's Palsy

injury to c8/t1 nerve root
catching oneself while hanging on to something
paralysis of intrinsic hand muscles

40

loss of long thoracic nerve result in

winged scapular do to serratus anterior muscle innervated by it

41

dorsal scapular nerve injury

protracted scapula due to loss of innervation of the rhomboid muscles

42

axillary nerve injury

wasting of deltoid muscle

43

radial tunnel syndrome

entrapment of posterior interosseous nerve which innervates the extensors and supinators of wrist and hand

44

musculocutaneous nerve injury

muscle wasting of biceps, coracobrachialis and brachilais

45

injury to median nerve

ape hand or hand of benediction

46

pronator syndrome

entrapment of median nerve

47

anterior interosseous injury

weakness in FDP, fpl and pronator teres

48

million dollar nerve

recurrent branch of median nerve results in paralysis of thenar muscles

49

ulnar nerve injuries injur what two fingers

medial two lubricals digits 4 and 5

50

Finkelsteins test

thumb under 2 and 3 and medially rotate
tests for tenosynovitis

51

de Queverians stenosing tendosynovitis

pain in thumb
from thinkening of sheat for APB and EPB

52

raynaud syndrome

idopathic symathetic innervation dysregulation

53

thoracic outlet syndrome

decreased blood flow to c8 and t1 roots

54

boutineere deformity

damage to extensor expansion
results in flection of middle and extension of distal phalange

55

jersey finger

tearing of flexor digitorum profundus tendon , stuck in extensoin

56

mallet finger

avultion o extensor tendon, flextion of distal phalanx

57

trigger finger

stenosing tenosynovitis involving flexor tendon; clicking during flextion and extension