Histopath Flashcards Preview

Ed's One Liners / EMQ Buzzwords > Histopath > Flashcards

Flashcards in Histopath Deck (46):
1

Signet ring cells + linitis plastica

Gastric Carcinoma

2

Perl's Prussion Blue stain

Haemachromatosis

3

Solar elastosis

Actinic keratosis

4

Congo Red stain

Amyloidosis

5

Heliotrope rash

Dermatomyositis

6

Anti-mitochondrial antibodies

Primary biliary cirrhosis

7

Shepherd's crook deformity

Varus angulation in fibrous dysplasia

8

'Chinese letters' bone formation

Fibrous dysplasia

9

Codman's triangle

Osteosarcoma or Ewing's sarcoma

10

'Cotton wool' calcification

Enchodroma

11

Anti-topoisomerase antibodies aka anti-Scl-70 antibodies

Systemic scleroderma (also CREST to a lesser degree)

12

Inter-cellular prickles within the lungs

Squamous cell carcinoma

13

Dermatitis herpetiformis

Coeliac disease

14

Needle-shaped crystals which are negatively birefringent under polarised red light

Gout (urate)

15

Red cell casts

Glomerulonephritis or vasculitis

16

White cell casts

Pyelonephritis

17

Kayser-Fleischer rings

Wilson's

18

Anti Double-stranded DNA

SLE

19

Nutmeg liver

Congestive heart failure

20

St Vitus Dance

Rheumatic heart disease

21

F508 mutation

Cystic Fibrosis

22

Biospy of the gastrointestinal wall reveals...

non-caseating granulomas

or transmural inflammation

or skip lesions and fistulae

Crohn's

23

Biopsy of the gastrointestinal tract reveals villous atrophy
with crypt hyperplasia.

Coeliac disease

24

salmon-pink plaques with a
silver– white scale

Psoriasis

25

'Oat cell' (lung cancer)

Small cell carcinoma

26

Apple-green birefringence under polarized light and Congo red stain

Amyloidosis

27

Gottron papules

Dermatomyositis

28

Calcium pyrophosphate crystals, polygonal under polarised light

Pseudogout

29

Extra-GI manifestations of arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, stomatitis, uveitis, pyoderma gangenosum, erythema nodosum

Crohn's disease

30

Anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody, anti-gliadin antibodies, and anti-endomysial antibodies

Coeliac disease

31

IgA deficiency may lead to false negative

Anti-TTG for Coeliac disease

32

'Leather bottle' stomach

Gastric carcinoma

33

Aflatoxin / Aspergillus

Hepatocellular carcinoma

34

Solar elastosis with focal parakeratosis

Actinic (solar) keratosis

35

Aschoff bodies and Anitschkow cells

Rheumatic heart disease

36

Haemoptysis + haematuria

Anti-GBM disease aka Goodpasture's syndrome

37

'Muddy casts'

Acute Tubular Necrosis

38

Breast mouse

Fibroadenoma

39

Which Dylan Thomas novel is set in the fictional town of 'llareggub'?

Under Milk Wood

40

Hodgkin's lymphoma with best prognosis

Lymphocyte Predominant - best

Lymphocyte depleted - worst

41

Copper carrying protein deficient in Wilson's disease

Caeruloplasmin

42

1st line investigation for Coeliac

Tissue transglutaminase IgA

43

MIC2 (CD99) antibody

Ewing's sarcoma

44

Osteoid osteoma

45

'Sunburst' appearance on X-ray

Osteosarcoma / Ewing's sarcoma

46

Most common form of thyroid cancer

Papillary (75-85%), followed by Follicular, then Medullary, then Anaplastic