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Flashcards in History Fall Final Exam Deck (50)
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1
Q

The main feature that early civilizations settled near was __________.

A

Water

2
Q

What purpose did many Roman achievements serve?

A

To make Romans’ lives easier

3
Q

Skill practice: In a venn diagram, what do ideas in the middle section mean?

A

That these ideas are true to both topics

4
Q

Why did Muhammad move away from Mecca?

A

Muslims were being attacked

5
Q

Islamic art is mostly calligraphy, geometric forms, and infusing of nature primarily because?

A

Muslims did not believe in creating images of Muhammad

6
Q

Which of the following is NOT a Muslim achievement?

A

Inventing a telescope

7
Q

Which was a West African kingdom located near the Niger River and Senegal River basins?

A

Ghana, Mali, and Songhai

8
Q

What is a common way to honor your departed ancestors in West Africa?

A

Dancing and singing in their honor

9
Q

Why did Buddhism spread?

A

People turned to Buddhism to escape suffering

10
Q

Where was the first paper currency created?

A

China

11
Q

Trade and the Chinese population doubled during the Song Dynasty mainly because of

A

the introduction of a drought resistant strain of rice

12
Q

How did the Mongol Empire (and other states) support trade and travel?

A
  • Protected merchants and travelers
  • Issued currencies and taxed/regulatedtrade
  • Maintained infrastructure (roads, walls, bridges, canals)
13
Q

Shariah refers to ________.

A

The Islamic code of law

14
Q

Which of the 5 Pillars of Islam relates to fasting during Ramadan?

A

Sawm

15
Q

What best describes the Arabian Peninsula?

A

Hot, Dry Desert

16
Q

The Arabian Peninsula’s to closeness to_____ makes it uniquely positioned to be a crossroads of trade.

A
  • Europe
  • Asia
  • Africa
17
Q

Who is Gabriel?

A

an angel who revealed messages from Allah to Muhammad.

18
Q

The Sunnah is…

A

A collection of words and teachings from Muhammad, written after the Qur’an

19
Q

What are the Five Pillars of Islam?

A

the major duties required of all Muslims

20
Q

Who calls their place of worship a mosque?

A

Muslims

21
Q

What two religions share many foundations with Islam?

A

Christianity and Judaism

22
Q

Besides the Niger River, what was another important river in West Africa?

A

the Senegal

23
Q

_______&_______ were desirable trade items in Ghana

A

Gold and salt

24
Q

In Western African society, griots are…

A

traditional storytellers, singers, poets, musicians, and oral historians.

25
Q

What changes did the development of iron tools bring to early West Africa?

A
  • Farmers could clear land and grow crops more efficiently.
  • Villages could produce surpluses to trade for other goods.
  • People could freely engage in weaving and metalworking.
26
Q

After Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca, _____

A

The local value of gold decreased (inflation).

27
Q

This became the language of northern Africa through trade from the Middle East.

A

Arabic

28
Q

What is the main religion in northern and western Africa?

A

Islam

29
Q

What is the Qur’an?

A

The holy book of Islam, believed by Muslis to be Allah’s words.

30
Q

Buddhism became popular in China because ________.

A

it brought people hope during troubled times in China.

31
Q

Where did woodblock printing originate from?

A

China

32
Q

What was the benefit of woodblock printing?

A

It allowed to print multiple copies

33
Q

Which was NOT an example of Roman engineering?

A

castles

34
Q

Which emperor made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire?

A

Constantine

35
Q

What did Justinian do to Roman Laws?

A

He organized them and made them more clear.

36
Q

Diocletian split the Roman Empire into two sectors, why?

A

He would have better control of the land with shared power

37
Q

Which of the following was NOT a reason for the Fall of the Western Roman Empire?

A

There were too many written laws

38
Q

Which of the following was one of the reasons for the fall of the Western Roman Empire?

A

Barbarian Invasions

39
Q

The location of Constantinople made it a place

A

where Eastern and Western cultures collided.

40
Q

During the Medieval Era, the city of Constantinople was ___________.

A

at a crossroads between Europe and Asia.

41
Q

Islam is….

A

monotheistic

42
Q

Zakat is ….

A

Giving to charity

43
Q

How did Japan’s geography affect its early history?

A

It was isolated and developed its own culture.

44
Q

The Tale of Genji is an example of a Japanese novel written by a _____.

A

woman

45
Q

In Japanese history, who were the Daimyo?

A

Land owners

46
Q

What is significant about Japan’s emperor during Medieval history?

A

He was a figurehead without true power.

47
Q

Who was the Shogun in Japanese history?

A

A very powerful military leader with true power.

48
Q

Who were the Japanese samurai?

A

Japanese warriors

49
Q

What was the ritualistic form of suicide used by the early Samurai called?

A

Seppuku

50
Q

What is the early Japanes ereligion of Shintoism closely tied or related to?

A

nature