Hitler Appointed Chancellor Flashcards Preview

GCSE History (Edexcel) - Weimar and Nazi Germany > Hitler Appointed Chancellor > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hitler Appointed Chancellor Deck (55)
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1
Q

In what year was the presidential election before Hitler was appointed Chancellor?

A

1932

2
Q

In the presidential election 1932, what place did Hitler come?

A

second

3
Q

Hitler got over __ million votes in the presidential election 1932

A

10

4
Q

In 1932, Hitler was supported by few/many Germans

A

man

5
Q

Why was Hitler coming second in the presidential election in 1932 important?

A

It boosted his public image and promoted his messages to all of Germany. He had become well known

6
Q

The presidential election of 1932 was held when the Depression…

A

was at its worst

7
Q

When the presidential election was held, there was political ______ in the streets

A

unrest

8
Q

What was causing political unrest in the streets in 1932?

A

Fighting between Communists and the SA

9
Q

Why did Hitler’s promise of strong leadership have added effect in the presidential election in 1932?

A

The Depression was at its worst

10
Q

In 1932, the Weimar Republic’s governments were strong/weak

A

weak

11
Q

How many Chancellors were there in Germany between 1930 and 1932?

A

3

12
Q

What were all 3 of the Chancellors between 1930 and 32 incapable of?

A

Providing strong leadership

13
Q

Name the 3 Chancellors between 1930 and 32

A

Bruning, von Papen and von Schleicher

14
Q

Bruning asked __________ to pass decrees

A

Hindenburg

15
Q

Bruning asked Hindenburg to pass decrees using…

A

Article 48

16
Q

Why did Bruning ask Hindenburg to pass decrees using Article 48?

A

To try and deal with the Depression and street violence?

17
Q

Bruning’s decrees were effective/ineffective

A

ineffective

18
Q

When Bruning was Chancellor, the SA were…

A

causing lots of trouble

19
Q

Bruning’s attempt to ban the __ was successful/failed

A

SA, failed

20
Q

Why was Bruning’s plan to take land from rich landowners to house the unemployed not effective?

A

It enraged wealthy Germans - one of whom being Hindenburg

21
Q

How did von Papen try to rule Germany?

A

Without the Reichstag

22
Q

What did von Papen want?

A

Decrees to pass laws and run the country

23
Q

When von Papen was Chancellor, the government consisted of a few very rich Germans. Mainly __________

A

landowners

24
Q

What were the very rich Germans (mainly landowners) in the government whilst von Papen was Chancellor known as?

A

The ‘Cabinet of Barons’

25
Q

von Papen was very popular/unpopular

A

unpopular

26
Q

von Papen lasted a few weeks/months/years

A

months

27
Q

What happened before von Schleicher became chancellor?

A

Another election was held

28
Q

Who gained lots of votes in the election before von Schleicher became Chancellor?

A

The NSDAP and KPD, against a background of increasing street violence

29
Q

von Schleicher influenced Hindenburg to…

A

appoint von Papen as the next Chancellor

30
Q

As a result of von Papen’s failure, ___ __________ became Chancellor

A

von Schleicher

31
Q

von Schleicher had lots of/no support amongst the public or in the Reichstag

A

no

32
Q

What did von Schleicher want to set up?

A

A military dictatorship

33
Q

Who did the fact that von Schleicher wanted to set up a military dictatorship concern?

A

Hindenburg and von Papen

34
Q

What did Hindenburg and von Papen do when they found out von Schleicher wanted to set up a military dictatorship?

A

They came up with another plan

35
Q

Rich businessmen asked Hindenburg to appoint ______ as Chancellor

A

Hitler

36
Q

Hindenburg, von Papen and all the advisers were…

A

rich landowners (Junkers)

37
Q

What was another name for a rich landowner?

A

Junker

38
Q

Who did rich landowners fear?

A

Communists

39
Q

What did rich landowners hate?

A

Democracy

40
Q

When asked to appoint Hitler as Chancellor, Hitler initially…

A

refused

41
Q

Why did Hindenburg initially refuse to appoint Hitler as Chancellor?

A

He disliked Hitler but liked von Papen

42
Q

When Hindenburg refused to appoint Hitler as Chancellor, von Papen believed that he had a ________

A

solution

43
Q

What was von Papen’s idea after Hindenburg refused to appoint Hitler as Chancellor?

A

He should be vice Chancellor and Hitler should be Chancellor?

44
Q

Why did von Papen think that Hitler should be Chancellor and he should be vice Chancellor?

A

He thought Hitler could be manipulated and that they could control him

45
Q

von Paper underestimated Hitler and said he had Hitler ‘__ ___ ______’

A

‘in his pocket’

46
Q

von Papen thought they could use Hitler as their ______

A

puppet

47
Q

All of the behind the scenes manoeuvring when saying they could control Hitler and that he could be manipulated was called the…

A

‘back-stairs intrigue’

48
Q

When was Hitler Appointed Chancellor?

A

1933

49
Q

The way Hitler was appointed Chancellor connects to the fear of _________ and the weakness of the…

A

Communism, Weimar Republic

50
Q

True/False: The Constitution didn’t allow the President to choose the Chancellor in 1933

A

False, they did

51
Q

Why was Hindenburg’s ability to choose Chancellor not in Germany’s best interests?

A

It was only in the interests of Hindenburg and his wealthy advisers

52
Q

Hindenburg and his wealthy advisers wrongly believed that Hitler could be…

A

used by them

53
Q

Hitler was far too clever/stupid for Hindenburg and his wealthy advisers

A

clever

54
Q

What did Hitler consistently do until he was Chancellor?

A

Refuse any offer of a job in the government

55
Q

Why was Hitler’s refusal of any job offer in the government unless he was Chancellor clever?

A

Only the Chancellor could appoint ministers