Stresemann - Helping the Weimar Economy Recover and Improving International Relations Flashcards Preview

GCSE History (Edexcel) - Weimar and Nazi Germany > Stresemann - Helping the Weimar Economy Recover and Improving International Relations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stresemann - Helping the Weimar Economy Recover and Improving International Relations Deck (55)
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1
Q

Was the attitude towards the League 100% positive?

A

No - some Germans hated the League, it was set up at the Paris Peace Conference when the Treaty of Versailles was created

2
Q

Did the amount Germany paid each year change as a result of the Young Plan?

A

No - payments were still £50 million a year

3
Q

How much did Germany get in loans from the Dawes Plan?

A

$25 billion (800 million marks)

4
Q

Did the Young Plan come into effect?

A

No, because of the impact on the world of the Great Depression

5
Q

When was the Young Plan?

A

1929

6
Q

Where were Allied troops taken out of as a result of the Locarno Pact?

A

The Rhineland

7
Q

When was the Rentenmark invented?

A

1923

8
Q

Who invented the Rentenmark?

A

Stresemann

9
Q

What did the Young Plan do?

A

Reduce reparations

10
Q

When was the Locarno Pact?

A

1925

11
Q

As Germany had re-started reparations payments, French and Belgian troops were removed from the ____

A

Ruhr

12
Q

How did the Young Plan help Germany’s economy?

A

Helped make reparations more affordable and freed up money for the government to spend on other things such as pensions, industry and job creation

13
Q

How many extra years was Germany given to pay reparations?

A

59

14
Q

How did Stresemann negotiate membership of the League of Nations and a place for Germany on the League’s council?

A

Through signing the Locarno Pact and re-starting paying reparations with the Dawes Plan

15
Q

How many countries were involved in the Kellog-Briand Pact?

A

65

16
Q

Who was Charles Dawes?

A

An American banker

17
Q

What did Stresemann realise he had to prove to allies?

A

That Germany was no longer the same country as it was during the First World War

18
Q

What could the Government reduce as a result of the Young Plan because they had less to pay?

A

Taxation

19
Q

When was the Kellogg-Briand Pact?

A

1928

20
Q

Who was Owen Young?

A

Another American banker

21
Q

Why was the Reichsbank set up?

A

To prevent the excess printing of money (control how much money was printed). Didn’t want to repeat hyperinflation

22
Q

How did the Rentenmark solve hyperinflation?

A

Ended the problem of worthless money and replaced the old currency

23
Q

How was Germany seen by other countries after the Locarno Pact?

A

Was beginning to be treated like an equal and the main Powers agreed to consider German membership of the League of Nations

24
Q

Give 2 benefits of the American loans given to Germany as a result of the Dawes Plan

A

Any 2 from industrial output doubled, huge increase in imports and exports, more jobs were created and the government gained more income from taxation to spend on things such as welfare and education

25
Q

True or False: The Dawes Plan changed the total amount in reparations that Germany had to pay

A

False, did not change the total amount

26
Q

What was the aim of the Dawes Plan?

A

To ensure Germany could pay reparations

27
Q

Why were some Germans angry as a result of the Locarno Pact?

A

Stresemann was seen as accepting the loss of land such as Alsace-Lorraine, which contained a lot of German-speakers

28
Q

What was the problem with the Dawes Plan?

A

Germany was now reliant on US loans - this later became a huge problem

29
Q

Membership of the League of Nations would not have happened if __________ hadn’t shown that Germany was a peaceful, respectable country

A

Stresemann

30
Q

How did extremist parties feel about the Young Plan?

A

Condemned it saying it was extending payments to the ‘unborn’ and also repeated their anger with Stresemann for not refusing to pay reparations

31
Q

True or False: The Young Plan was popular

A

True, a referendum of 85% of Germans supported it

32
Q

How much did the Young Plan reduce reparations by?

A

From £6.6 billion to £2 billion

33
Q

Who was the Young Plan named after?

A

Owen Young

34
Q

What had Germany shown the world with the Kellogg-Briand Pact?

A

That Germany was now a respectable and peaceful country - many moderate Germans were pleased with the Weimar Republic’s foreign policy

35
Q

Who did Germany get loans from as a result of the Dawes Plan?

A

America

36
Q

Why was improving relations with other countries so important?

A

If this had not have happened then Germany could never have had the reparations reduced with the Young Plan

37
Q

When was the Dawes Plan?

A

1924

38
Q

What did the Locarno Pact agree?

A

To respect the border with France and Belgium, as decided by the Treaty of Versailles

39
Q

Why were some Germans angry?

A

Felt that Stresemann didn’t stand up for Germany and was accepting the Treaty of Versailles - some were angry that Stresemann had agreed to continue paying reparations

40
Q

What was the issue with the Rentenmark?

A

Those who had lost their savings never got them back - caused great resentment and people never forgot this

41
Q

How much did Germany have to pay each year as a result of the Dawes Plan?

A

£50 million

42
Q

What was Stresemann awarded after Germany joined the League of Nations?

A

The Nobel Peace Prize

43
Q

What did the Rentenmark solve?

A

Hyperinflation

44
Q

When did Germany become a member of the League of Nations?

A

1926

45
Q

Why did Stresemann want to improve international relations?

A

He realised that if Germany was to trade with other countries, have a strong economy and get the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles removed then he had to show the Allies that Germany could be trusted

46
Q

Who was the Dawes Plan devised by?

A

Charles Dawes

47
Q

True or False: The Locarno Pact was signed with other countries including Britain, France and Belgium

A

True

48
Q

Reichsbank

A

New bank

49
Q

How did Stresemann see the League of Nations Membership?

A

He saw it as good for Germany

50
Q

Why did Stresemann have to prove that Germany was no longer the same country as it was during WW1 to the allies?

A

Had to show them that Germany could be trusted otherwise he couldn’t get them to remove terms of the Treaty of Versailles

51
Q

Did Stresemann show he accepted the land lost to Poland on Germany’s eastern border?

A

No

52
Q

What did Stresemann stop after Germany got loans from America?

A

Passive resistance

53
Q

What was the Locarno Pact about?

A

The land Germany lost to France and Belgium

54
Q

How much was 1 Rentenmark worth?

A

1 billion old Marks

55
Q

What was the agreement in the Kellogg-Briand Pact?

A

Not to resort to war - to achieve their foreign policy aims