Why did the NSDAP become more popular after 1930? Flashcards Preview

GCSE History (Edexcel) - Weimar and Nazi Germany > Why did the NSDAP become more popular after 1930? > Flashcards

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1
Q

When was the Wall Street Crash?

A

1929

2
Q

Where was the Wall Street Crash?

A

The USA

3
Q

What did the Wall Street Crash start?

A

The Great Depression

4
Q

Why was America plunged into an economic depression?

A

Because of an enormous fall in the value of shares

5
Q

What did the enormous fall in the value of shares lead to in America?

A

Millions of unemployed and a huge drop in living standards

6
Q

What was America’s response to the Depression?

A

To stop buying goods from other countries to protect its own business

7
Q

Why did America stopping buying goods from other countries create a huge problem?

A

They were now less likely to buy and sell from other countries - most of the world’s countries traded with the USA as well as each other. This lead to world trade reducing dramatically

8
Q

What impact did the reduction in world trade have globally?

A

Most countries’ economies were damged

9
Q

What impact did the reduction in world trade have on Germany?

A

Reduced demand for Germany’s exports and many businesses had smaller profits

10
Q

What happened as a result of many businesses having smaller profits?

A

They had to reduce their workforce which made unemployment begin to rise

11
Q

Why did unemployment have a knock-on effect on other business?

A

More unemployment meant fewer people had money to spend and so businesses made less money - this created a vicious cycle

12
Q

What did the Depression result in for businesses?

A

More and more businesses going bust and rapidly increasing unemployment

13
Q

As a result of the Depression, living standards got better/worse

A

worse

14
Q

As a result of the Depression, there was an increase/decrease in crime rate

A

increase

15
Q

Unemployment increased by _ million in 1929-32 and many people were _______ from their homes

A

4 million and evicted

16
Q

How many men were unemployed by the end of 1932?

A

6 million, 1/3 of men working age

17
Q

What was Germany reliant on as a result of the Dawes Plan?

A

Foreign loans

18
Q

Why was Germany being reliant on foreign loans a problem during the Depression?

A

When the USA demanded its money back, Germany was particularly badly affected

19
Q

As a consequence of the USA demanding its money back, what state were German banks in?

A

They were in crisis

20
Q

What could banks not do after the Depression?

A

Lend money to businessmen

21
Q

What were banks running out of after the Depression?

A

Money

22
Q

What did people do when they were fearful that banks would shut down?

A

Queue for hours to withdraw their savings, which further worsened the ability of banks to lend money

23
Q

Why did banks have to demand the repayment of loans?

A

They were short of farms

24
Q

What did banks having to demand repayment of loans result in?

A

Businesses and farmers either cutting production or going bust

25
Q

What did businesses and farmers cutting production or going bust cause?

A

Job loss

26
Q

Who did German voters increasingly blame for their problems and its inability to deal with the Depression?

A

The Weimar government

27
Q

Over __% of the votes were going to the two anti-democracy parties in 1932

A

50

28
Q

Who were the two anti-democracy parties?

A

The NSDAP (Nazis) and the KPD (Communists)

29
Q

The Nazis were most popular in 1932 with __% of the vote

A

37

30
Q

The Communists were the 3rd biggest party in 1932 with nearly __% of the vote

A

20

31
Q

The fact that the Communists were the 3rd biggest party scared the…

A

wealthy and middle-class Germans

32
Q

Why were wealthy and middle-class Germans more likely to vote Nazi?

A

They saw Hitler as the only person able to stop a Communist take-over of Germany

33
Q

The impact of the Depression is a turning-point - in 1928 the Nazis had only _._% of the vote but by 1932 they had __%

A

2.6 and 37

34
Q

Why was the impact of the Depression such a huge turning-point for the Nazis?

A

If it wasn’t for the Depression then extremists such as Nazis and Communists would still be unpopular as they were during the ‘Golden Years’

35
Q

What had Germans lost faith in as a result of the Depression?

A

Democracy - they wanted strong leadership

36
Q

How effective was Nazi Propaganda after 1930?

A

Very effective

37
Q

Nazi Propaganda gave d________ messages to d________ groups of people

A

different, different

38
Q

What did Nazi Propaganda promise for the unemployed?

A

Work (‘Arbeit und Brot’)

39
Q

What does ‘Arbeit und Brot’ mean?

A

Work and Bread

40
Q

Who did Nazis promise to help?

A

Farmers and businessmen

41
Q

How did Nazi propaganda portray Hitler?

A

As a caring, strong leader who could solve all problems and restore law and order

42
Q

Why was the impcat of the Depression key for making Nazi propaganda effective?

A

Created mass unemployment, social problems and so much anger towards the Weimar governments

43
Q

Who/what did Nazi propaganda blame for Germany’s problems?

A

Jews and democracy

44
Q

What did Nazis say about the Treaty of Versailles in their propaganda?

A

Said they would destroy the Treaty of Versailles and make Germany great again

45
Q

How did the Nazis portray women and family in their propaganda after 1930?

A

Portrayed them as important for Germany’s future

46
Q

Name 3 of the ways Nazis shared their propaganda after 1930

A

Any 3 from cinema, leaflets, posters, speeches and aeroplane

47
Q

Hitler even ____ to various cities all over Germany to campaign for votes

A

Flew

48
Q

Why did rich businessmen donate to the Nazis?

A

They feared the growing support for the Communsts

49
Q

How were the ways Nazi propaganda were communicated made possible?

A

Large donations made by rich German businessmen

50
Q

What did the SA offer to unemployed men after 1930?

A

Hope

51
Q

Give 3 reasons why lots of men joined the SA

A

Any 3 from gave them hope, military style (many were ex-soldiers), paid money, given free food and attracted violent thugs

52
Q

The SA grew to ___,___ after 1930 (four times as big as the Communists’ Red Front Fighters)

A

400,000

53
Q

How did the SA help show the Nazis were powerful unlike the weak governments?

A

Able to stand up to the Communists who Nazi propaganda blamed for all the street violence

54
Q

What did the SA help do during the Depression?

A

Undermine the Weimar government by causing street violence

55
Q

How did the NSDAP undermining the Weimar government help shed the Weimar government in a bad light?

A

Made the government look as if it couldn’t keep law and order