Cultural Changes during the Weimar Republic Flashcards Preview

GCSE History (Edexcel) - Weimar and Nazi Germany > Cultural Changes during the Weimar Republic > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cultural Changes during the Weimar Republic Deck (37)
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1
Q

True/False: The Weimar government encouraged cultural experimentation

A

True - they promoted freedom of thought and expression

2
Q

How did the Weimar government promote cultural experimentation?

A

Through financial support

3
Q

Name 2 of the things that the Weimar government gave financial support to to encourage cultural experimentation

A

Any 2 from artists, theatres, film-makers and museums

4
Q

Name 2 of the new artistic movements during the Weimar Republic

A

Any 2 from New Objectivism, Modernism and Expressionism

5
Q

What did New Objectivism show?

A

Showed life as it really was - included themes of poverty and squalor instead of a romantic view of life

6
Q

What was Modernism?

A

The idea that art should embrace the future, particularly technology and industry

7
Q

What Modernism only a theme in art?

A

No, it was a theme in cinema too

8
Q

What was the most famous film themed on Modernism?

A

Metropolis by Fritz Lang

9
Q

What did Expressionism reflect?

A

The thoughts and feelings of artists rather than showing things exactly as they looked

10
Q

Who was George Grosz?

A

A famous expressionist

11
Q

What part of life did George Grosz portray during the Weimar Republic?

A

He portrayed the boredom of people’s lives

12
Q

Who was Otto Dix?

A

One of the most famous German artists

13
Q

Otto Dix painted scenes of ________

A

hardship

14
Q

What did Otto Dix paint a lot of?

A

Disabled soldiers from the First World War

15
Q

How did Otto Dix change the standards of behaviour (particularly of women and sex)?

A

Often focused on nudes and prostitutes

16
Q

What did Otto Dix say he was showing in his paintings?

A

Said he was showing what life was really like

17
Q

How did people react to Otto Dix’ paintings?

A

Some Germans were horrified by his paintings and view of life - said they were grotesque and an example of the immorality of the Weimar republic

18
Q

True/False: Otto Dix’ paintings were like lots of paintings people were used to during the Weimar Republic

A

False, his paintings were very different to what people were used to

19
Q

How did architecture change during the Weimar Republic?

A

Buildings were designed with modern and futuristic designs

20
Q

The most famous example of the development of architecture in the Weimar Republic was the E_______ T____ observatory

A

Einstein Tower

21
Q

Where was the Einstein Tower observatory?

A

Near Berlin

22
Q

What did the Einstein Tower observatory look like?

A

A rocket

23
Q

True/False: The fact that the Einstein Tower looked like a rocket was a completely new idea

A

True

24
Q

The 1920s was a decade where cinema became very unpopular/popular in the Western world

A

Popular

25
Q

Germany had a very i_________ film industry

A

Innovative

26
Q

What is The Cabinet of Dr Caligari?

A

One of the world’s first horror films, famous during the Weimar Republic

27
Q

What is Metropolis?

A

One of the first science fiction films, famous during the Weimar Republic

28
Q

Who was the Bauhaus Movement led by?

A

Walter Gropius

29
Q

Where was the Bauhaus Movement based?

A

A Berlin design college

30
Q

What was the Berlin design college where the Bauhaus Movement was based called?

A

The Bauhaus

31
Q

What did the Bauhaus Movement create?

A

A new style of simple lines and skilful craftsmanship

32
Q

What did the Bauhaus Movement focus on?

A

Modern designs and the making of the products using new materials so they could be mass produced

33
Q

True/False: The Bauhaus Movement had little impact on artists and film directors

A

False, it influenced artists and film directors

34
Q

Was the reaction to the cultural changes during the Weimar Republic all positive?

A

No - some people wanted to return to more traditional art and culture

35
Q

Why did some people criticise the financial support given by the government to artists, museums, theatres and film-makers during the Weimar Republic?

A

They said it was ‘unGerman’ and immoral

36
Q

How did Right-wing extremists such as Nazis feel about the arts and new freedoms people were enjoying in the Weimar Republic?

A

They were disgusted

37
Q

How did the Nazis feel about ‘new women’?

A

They were repulsed by the nudity in theatre and nightclubs and the provocative signing and dancing in cabaret clubs