Homicide And Serious Crime Victims Flashcards Preview

Serious Crime Investigation > Homicide And Serious Crime Victims > Flashcards

Flashcards in Homicide And Serious Crime Victims Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...

OC body responsibilities


Certificate - Pol265 (life extinct)
Sudden death - procedures completed
In-situ - photographs/video recordings

Guard - secure body/samples/exhibits
Observations - of the body recorded
Details - of all medical staff attending

Da bros - cultural considerations
Maintain - security of body/samples
Moved - body moved/disturbed?
ID- arrange formal ID
Transport - arrange to mortuary

Mortem - attend PM
Evidence - preserved from body

Record - what actions taken
Arrange - FPs/palmprints
Photographer - direct if necessary
Exhibits - record/label/secure
Debrief - attend, record findings


Briefing experts and interested parties key areas of consideration include:

- Photographs/video recordings taken at scene
- Actions of first responders
- ID of body, medical history, drugs at scene etc...
- Environmental factors at the scene


What factors should be considered in the appreciation of the removal of the body from the scene?

1) Notification/response from the coroner
2) Views of pathologist/Crown about attending the scene
3) Consult other experts
4) Requirements of other exams before removal
5) Best method/route for removal
6) Supervision of removal
7) Chain of custody of body from the scene to the mortuary
8) Safe custody of exhibits
9) Family/cultural considerations
10) SOPs for protective clothing disposal


Samples at the scene - what evidence may be lost or contaminated by moving the body?

1) Larvae and insects
2) Potential FP evidence from the skin on the body
3) DNA swabs
4) Firearms residue samples
5) Loose hairs, fibres, glass, paint or other fragments


Recording details and removing the body from the scene

1) Record body position by sketch plan and direct the Police photographer to take photos

2) In consultation with the CSC and/or OC scene. Consider making/recording the position of the body


Position of all limbs
Appearance of the body
Wounds and clothing
Direction of any trails of blood
Extent of rigor mortis present

4) Health risks

5) Cover hands, feet, head with bags

6) Ensure clothing is not contaminated by foreign objects

7) Wrap the body in plastic sheet and place in body bag

8) Carefully search underneath where body lay

9) Retain all sheets, bags used to move the body as exhibits

10) Obtain approval from the OC investigation to remove the body from the scene

11) Arrange contracted undertaker to remove the body to the mortuary


What should an appreciation prior to PM consider?

1) ID of body
2) Authority of Coroner to conduct PM
3) Consult with the pathologist
4) Safe custody of exhibits
5) ID who should attend PM
6) Appropriate resources
7) Family cultural considerations
8) Any likely requirement for a second PM


What is the primary role of OC body during a PM?

To observe, document and deal with exhibits associated with the body in a structured methodical manner.


What is the purpose of a PM?

The primary purpose of a PM exam is to establish the cause of death.


The pathologists findings may provide other information such as:

1) Mode and time of death
2) How injuries/events contributed to death
3) Nature and size of the weapons used
4) Determining stature and height of the suspect
5) Negating possible defences
6) Identify victim if ID not established


Police who should attend the PM:

1) OC Investigation
2) OC Body
3) Fingerprint officer
4) Police photographer
5) A member especially designated as exhibits officer for PM


Other experts - who may OC Investigation consult with regarding the conduct of a PM?

1) Biologist
2) Medical illustrator
3) Toxicologist
4) Ballistics expert
5) Anthropologist


What equipment should an OC Body take to a PM?

1) MEK
2) Toxicology kit
3) Body label
4) Notebook/pens solely for use during PM
5) Scene exhibit schedule
6) Copy of completed Pol47
7) Deceased person certificate
8) Deceased person ID
9) Protective clothing
10) Photographs from the scene
11) Range of exhibit numbers from OC exhibits
12) Firearms residue kit


Duties on arrival at the mortuary:


Body - remains in same state - PM
Arrange - formal ID of the body
Retain - key used to secure - PM
Ensure - body not washed
Label - body, secure in mortuary fridge


What are other methods of body ID?

1) DNA
2) Fingerprints
3) Dental records
4) Scars, birthmarks, tattoos


When skeletal remains are found. A pathologist, with assistance from a forensic anthropologist can usually provide information such as:

- Whether the remains are actually bones
- Whether the bones are human
- The age, gender, height and race of the person


When briefing the pathologist? What information and material must they be provided with?

1) Copy of POL47
2) MEK
3) Toxicology kit
4) Medical records of the deceased, where available
5) Scene photographs/recordings


Stripping the body


Police photographer - before/after clothes
Remove - body from fridge
Avoid - cutting clothing
Cause - minimal disturbance
Trace evidence - consider (wounds)
Inventory - clothing/possessions
Cross contamination - exhibits separate
Exhibit - body bags/sheets/wrappings
Strip body - pathologist present
Label - each item
Individual items - sealed in bags
Maintain - security/continuity until PM