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Flashcards in Initial Response Deck (41)
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1

What are Police response primary functions?

1) Attend scene at an early stage
2) Take control of situation
3) Co-ordinate tasks

2

Initial response priority is to...

Ensure safety of atrending Police members

3

Initial actions - enroute

IRIP

Info from comms
Roles + Responsibilities
Inform (10/7 etc)
Plan

4

Actions prior to attending scene

CLASSES

Cordons- set up
Legal - requirements
Additional OCs - appointed
Specialists - contacted
Staff - briefed
Equipment - sent for / requested
Sufficient - staffing

5

OC scene

SCENE CRABO

Strategy - for exam
Control - (freeze/guard/preserve/safe)
Exhibits - overseen (uplift/inspect/delivering)
N - relevant exhibits in court
Experts - photos/FPs

Communication - scene - OC Investigation
Recce + Reconstruction
Approach + CAP
Brief - staff of duties
Oversee - crime scene exam

6

Objectives of a crime scene exam

DECIEVE IC

Defences - established
Establish - if offence committed
Corroborate - witness + victim acct
Identify - suspects/scene contact
Establish - offence key elements/enquiries
Verify - admissions + confessions
Exonerate- innocent

Identify - people associated with scene
Corroborate/Exclude - other evidence

7

Arrival at scene

CRAP VISITS

Communicate - with comms
Record - C.A.P
Approach - scene with radios/equip
Park - safely

Vehicles - at scene/leaving/3T
Informant - locate
Sitrep - early
Interference - with scene?
Time - of arrival
Stop, look, listen

8

Victim injured

FIRST AID

First aid - call ambo
Injuries
Record - photograph (injuries)
Scene - treat victim as a scene
Take - DNA swabs

Accompany - to hospital (status/clothes)
Interview - prelim
Dying - declaration

9

Dead victim

CORPSE

Call ambo
Obtain - life extinct form
Record - body position/limbs
Persons ID - establish
Sketch + photograph
Early - update to OC investigation

10

Suspects at scene

Consider suspects condition/whether injured/under the influence of alcohol/drugs or suffer from mental impairment

CRIMS

Consider - search
Record - admissions/routes taken
Interview
Make notes - demeanor + condition
Separate + isolate

11

Minimising contamination risks

PRE SOAK UU

Preserve + control scene
Records - scene activity/exhibits
Exhibits - pack/label/seal

Stepping plates
Obtain - elimination samples
Avoid - same staff/associated scenes
Keep - records of staff attending/exam

Use - protective clothing
Use - new + clean packaging

12

What are some instances that are notified to Police that may not be initially identifiable as a homicide?

- 2M report
- 1S infant
- abduction report
- 1X
- 1F fatal
- drug related deaths

13

What to tell arriving CIB members

- the situation
- what has been done
- what is being done
- what needs to be done immediately

14

What is the general investigation model?

VAWSEIPO

Victim - ID and locate
Appreciation - make an initial app
Witnesses - locate and contain
Scene - preserve
Exhibits - note evidence and preserve
Ingredients - of offence established
Powers - available
Offenders - ID and apprehend

15

What is an appreciation?

A proven method of problem solving

Considers all appropropriate factors and weighs the benefits and risks of all alternative solutions, allowing sound decisions to be made

16

What are the benefits of applying the appreciation technique?

- Informs Police what expected to achieve

- Manages risk

- Ensures nothing is overlooked

- Reduces uncertainty

- Effective use of resources

- Establishes a sequence of activities to be carried out

17

What is the four step process for the first attending CIB member?

1) Gain info
2) Ensure initial action attended to
3) Conduct a recce
4) Carry out an appreciation + take initial action

18

Explain the zone model

Hot - part of the scene, e.g. exam + evidence collection.

Warm - transition zone. Enables scene examiners to put on + take off protective clothing

Cold - placed within outer cordon for meetings, scene guard, meals.

19

What are some examples of factors to take into consideration when conducting an appreciation and plan strategy?

- staff availability
- logistics
- zones
- legal powers
- contamination risks
- ground
- staff safety
- seriousness of offence
- communication
- equipment
- transport
- weather

20

What is a reconnaissance?

A preliminary survey made to get an overall picture of the scene without disturbing the evidence.

21

What is the purpose of a reconnaissance?

1) Prelim reconstruction
2) Appreciation
3) Plan of action

22

What are the steps of an appreciation?

AIM - A short one lined statement. Demonstrates a single objective

FACTORS - Any circumstance or fact that could possibly have an effect on the manner in which you will achieve your desired outcome

COURSES OPEN - Are a list of all the possible ways the aim could be achieved

PLAN - Proposed course of actions

23

What should be obtained from the person reporting the incident?

- Identity of the suspect
- Precise details of the location of the scene
- ID of the victim
- Full contact details of informant/complainant
- Details of anyone else at the scene
- Details of action the informant/complainant has taken and where they have been

24

If there is going to be a delay in attending the scene or there is a risk of the scene being contaminated - what can you ask the informant?

- To return to the proximity of the scene and guard it
- Not to touch or move anything
- Prevent others from entering scene
- Await Police arrival and ID themselves

25

Plan/strategy of the scene covers

PARCELS IS

Placement - of zones
Any specialists required
Recording - system to be used (exhibit)
Contamination - protection methods
Exhibit - handling (securing/packaging)
Likelihood - of evidence deteriorating
Starting place - e.g. offenders entry

Individual - taks/responsibilities
Search method - logical + systematic

26

What are the initial actions to preserve a scene?

Freeze
Control
Guard
Preserve

27

Scene preservation - FREEZE

FREEE

From or to the scene - no movement
Remove - wandering animals
Ensure - nothing is touched/moved
Every - activity stopped
Exhibits - protected

28

Scene preservation - CONTROL

CONTROL

Clear - the scene
Order - wits/suspects to clear area
Not - to discuss with each other
Take - wits/suspects to station if willing
Rivals - keep apart
Obtain - full particulars/pre-lim interview
Left area - who has?

29

Scene preservation - GUARD

GUARD

Guard - appoint scene guard
Use - civilians if necessary
Assembly - point established, safe area
Rolls - of emergency tape can be used
Define - boundaries

30

Scene preservation - PRESERVE

Preservation of the scene is reliant on the recce + appreciation to ensure scene is preserved for the formal scene exam

Ensure all main areas of examination + any possible exhibits are protected