Hormones and Electrolytes: Presentations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hormones and Electrolytes: Presentations Deck (11)
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1

Decreased BP, weakness, fatigue

Primary Hypoadrenalism
- Addison's Disease
- TB
- Mets

Secondary Hypoadrenalism
- Pituitary tumour

2

Decreased K+, Increased aldosterone, HTN

Primary Aldosteronism
- adrenal adenoma (Conn's syndrome)
- Bilateral idopoathic adrenal hyperplasia, most common

3

Tender goitre + thyrotoxicosis + increased T3/4 + decreased TSH and then after a while decreased T3/4 and increased TSH

Following URTI/ viral

Subacute (De Quervain's) thyroiditis

4

Hypothyroidism + goitre + anti-TPO, Increased TSH, Decreased T3/4

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

5

Increased K+, decreased Na+, increased Ca+, decreased glucose

Addison's Crisis

- sepsis/ surgery/ haemorrhage/ steroid withdrawal

6

Decreased K+, metabolic acidosis, increased ACTH

Cushing's Syndrome

7

Glucose < 11
pH < 7.3
HCO3 < 15
Ketones > 3 / ++

Heathy breathing and abdominal pain

DKA

8

Increased Ca+, Decreased PO4, increased/normal PTH

Primary Hyperparathyroidism
- adenoma
- hyperplasia

9

Decreased/normal Ca+, increased PTH

CKD

10

Increased ACTH, decreased aldosterone, fatigue pain, weight loss, low BP

Addison's disease

11

High T3/4, increased BP, increased pulse, increased temperature, vomiting, diarrhoea

Thyroid storm

- stopped treatment
- become ill