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Flashcards in HRM Chapter 4 Deck (25)
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What is a job?

A job is a group of related activities and duties, held by a single employee or a number of incumbents.


What is a position?

A position is a collection of tasks and responsibilities performed by one person.


What is job analysis?

Job analysis is the procedure for determining the tasks, duties, and responsibilities of each job, and the human attributes (in terms of knowledge, skills, and abilities) required to perform it.


What is organizational structure?

Organizational structure is the formal relationship among jobs in an organization.


What is a organization chart?

A organization chart is a snapshot of the firm, depicting the organization's structure in chart form at a particular point in time.


What is a process chart?

A process chart is a diagram showing the flow of inputs and outputs from the job under study.


What is job design?

Job design is the process of systematically organizing work into tasks that are required to perform a specific job.


What is work simplification?

Work simplification is an approach to job design that involves assigning most of the administrative aspects of work to supervisors and managers, while giving lower-level employees narrowly defined tasks to perform according to methods established and specified by management.


What is industrial engineering?

Industrial engineering is a field of study concerned with analyzing work methods making work cycles more efficient by modifying, combining, rearranging, or eliminating tasks, and establishing time standards.


What is job enlargement (horonizational loading)?

Job enlargement is a technique used to relieve monotony and boredom that involves assigning workers additional tasks at the same level of responsibility to increase the number of tasks they have to perform.


What is job rotation?

Job rotation is a technique used to relieve monotony and employee boredom that involves systematically moving employees from one job to another.


What is job enrichment (vertical loading)?

Job enrichment (vertical loading) is any effort that makes an employee's job more rewarding or satisfying by adding more meaningful tasks and duties.


What is ergonomics?

Ergonomics is an interdisciplinary approach that seeks to integrate and accommodate the physical needs of workers into the design of jobs. It aims to adapt the entire job system-the work, environment, machines, and equipment, and processes-to match human characteristics,


What are competencies?

Competencies are demonstrable characteristics of a person that enable performance of a job.


What is competency-based job analysis?

Competency-based job analysis is describing a job in terms of the measurable, observable, behavioural competencies an employee must exhibit to do a job well.


What is a team?

A team is a small group of people with complementary skills who work toward common goals for which they hold joint responsibility and accountability.


What is incumbent?

A incumbent is an individual currently holding the position.


What is Position Analysis Questionnaire (PAQ)?

PAQ is a questionnaire used to collect quantifiable data concerning the duties and responsibilities of various jobs.


What is Functional Job Analysis (FJA)?

A quantitative method for classifying jobs based on types and amounts of responsibility for data, people, and things. Performance standards and training requirements are also identified.


What is a diary/log?

A diary/log is a daily listings made by employees of every activity in which they engage, along with the time each activity takes.


What is the National Occupational Classification (NOC)?

The NOC is a reference tool for writing job descriptions and job specifications. Compiled by the federal government, it contains comprehensive, standardized descriptions of about 40 000 occupations and the requirements for each.


What is a occupation?

A occupation is a collection of jobs that share some or all of a set of main duties.


What is a job description?

A job description is a list of the duties, responsibilities, reporting relationships, and working conditions of a job - one product of a job analysis.


What is a job specification?

A job specification is a list of the human requirements, i.e, requisite knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to perform the job-another product of a job analysis.


What is a physical demands analysis?

A physical demand analysis is a identification of the senses used and the type, frequency, and amount of physical effort involved in a job.