Flashcards in Human Traficking Deck (39)
True or false... human trafficking must involve travel, transportation, or movement across state or national borders
True or false.. sex trafficking and human trafficking is the same thing
True or false... a victim of human trafficking can be willing
True. They do not need to be forced or coerced. There doesn't have to be abduction, physical restraint, bondage or torture
True or false... victims never want to be in the life but have no choice
The act of treating someone unfairly in order to benefit from their "work"
Define commercial sex act
Any sex act on account of which anything of value is given to or received by any person
Define commercial sexual exploitation of children
When individuals buy, trade, or sell sexually acts with a child under 18 (includes child porn, stripping, sex)
Define human trafficking
The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provisioning, or obtaining of a person for the purposes of labor or sexual exploitation (involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery; or commercial sex act)
Define human smuggling
The facilitation, transportation, attempted transportation or illegal entry of a person across an international border, in violation of one or more countries' laws, either clandestinely or through deception, such as the use of fraudulent documents
What is sex trafficking?
Human trafficking induced by force, fraud, or coercion to do a commercial sex
*proof of force, fraud, coercion is not required for victims under 18!
Define labor trafficking
Human trafficking induced by force, fraud, or coercion for the purposes of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery
Constraint against a person
Act of deception with criminal intent
Threats of serious harm against any person; including schemes intended to threaten indirect harm
True or false... organ harvesting is a part of human trafficking
How many slaves are there worldwide?
3 per 1000 people (20.9 million)
How many confirmed U.S trafficking cases were reported in 2016 to the national human trafficking hotline? What percent of these were sex trafficking? What percent were labor trafficking?
Sex trafficking: 73% (40%, 90% female. 45% US citizens)
Labor trafficking: 16% children. 57% female. 68% foreign nationals or legalized immigrants
How many victims of sex trafficking are found each year worldwide?
Where does most trafficking take place in the US?
Large urban areas
What is the age at which most people enter sex trafficking? What about labor trafficking?
Sex trafficking: 49% enter between ages 12-17
Labor trafficking: 36% enter between ages 12-17
What is the average age of people who enter into labor trafficking and sex trafficking?
Sex trafficking: 18
Labor trafficking: 23
How many human trafficking victims were found in utah from 07-16?
There were 630 calls to the hotline
What is DMST?
Domestic minor sex trafficking
Exploitative crimes of sexual nature committed against minors within the US
What are some examples of exploitative crimes in DMST?
Trafficking a minor for sexual exploitation (child porn, stripping/dancing, sexual acts)
Exploiting a minor through survival sex
Exploiting a minor through "prostitution"
What are the top personal risk factors for human trafficking?
Juvenile justice system or foster care involve the
Mental health problems or concerns
Displaced persons (refugees)
Before being trafficked, victims are more likely to have a history of...
Trauma, physical and/or sexual abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, abandonment, divorce, IPC, substance abuse
What are the community factors involved with human trafficking?
High homeless and runaway/throwaway youth populations
Presence of adult prostitution
Large population of unattached and/or transient males (truck stops, casinos)
International borders, smuggling routes
Who are the traffickers?
Romantic situation (32%)
Benefactors (10%) (money, shelter, food)
Job offer (10%) (modeling/acting)
What are the primary venues of CSEC?
Online classifieds are a common avenue