Flashcards in Oral Hygiene Deck (31)
What are the primary tools for preventing dental diseases?
Mechanical removal of plaque
Promotion of the remineralization of the tooth surface
Mechanical elimination of supragingival plaque
Limitation of dietary sucrose
What is the greatest challenge in regards to oral hygiene in pediactrics?
The incorporation of methods into daily routines of patients and their parents
True or false... the type of brush makes a big difference in the ability to mechanically remove plaque
False.. its the brusher not the brush
What is the ideal toothbrush for pediactric patients?
True or false.. the oral-B oscillating-rotating-pulsating brush has been accepted by the ADA
True or false... many studies have compared the short-term benefits of flossing and toothbrushing with thos of tooth brushing alone. These studies show minimal or modes differences between the two groups in levels of gingival inflammation and new dental caries
Clinical studies have shown little difference in cleaning efficacy, comfort of use, or ease of use among the available floss types
What is the difference between a dentifrice and a toothpaste?
Dentifrice: a paste or powder for cleaning the teeth
Toothpaste: a dentifrice in the form of paste
Doesn't matter what you use.. as long as there's fluoride, you're fine. And its better if they are lower in abrasiveness, and carry the ADA seal of acceptance.
True or false... you want to strictly limit fluoride to children to prevent fluorosis
False.. given the benefits of fluoride, the judicious use of fluoridated toothpaste, even in young children, should be encouraged (its better to have too much fluoride than too little)
Why is Dr. Rackham hesitant to give out disclosing tablets?
They stain everything
What is the most naturally adopted brushing technique by children?
It removes as much or more plaque than the other techniques regardless of child's age or whether the brushing is performed by the parent or child
How do you get children to brush their teeth when the parent claims "I can't get my child to brush his teeth"?
When its important to the parent its important to the child
Make brushing a family value and start early. Let the children watch the parents brush their teeth
True or false.. it is shown to be effective to teach young children how to floss.
False, it doesn't really make a difference. If the parents has their child watch them floss and brush, the child will also floss and brush
According to a study, it took 8-11 year old children __ days to learn how to floss/brush effectively.
If they are old enough to text, they are old enough to floss
True or false.. it is more effective to brush effectively once every 3 days than to brush 3 times a day ineffectively
Completion of effective oral hygiene procedures at intervals of up to __ hours is compatible with gingival health
A ___-minute brushing period provides the greatest plaque removal benefit of all time periods tested.
Best to brush before bed.
When is the use of chemicals indicated for oral hygiene?
Pts that are unable, unwilling, or untrained to practice routine effective mechanotherapy
What is the definition of an antiseptic agent?
Substance that prevents the growth of disease-causing microorganisms
Chorlhexidine is good at reducing plaque and gingivitis but causes staining
What are some sugar substitutes that may help with plaque control?
Research into the use of sugar substitutes as plaque control agents continue
What is involved in prenatal counseling?
Mother's oral health care
When should a child first visit the dentist?
Birth - 1 year
Gentle cleansing when the child is less than 1
When the child is 3-6 years old, who has the primary responsibility of oral hygiene procedures?
Still the parent (they should also floss)
What is the role of the parent when the child is 6-12 years old?
Parents switch to active supervision
At this age, treatment of malocclusions has increased, and experienced is accompanied by increased risk of caries.
Compliance is a major problem during what age? What increases their risk during this age? What may help with motivation?
Poor dietary habits and pubertal hormonal changes increase adolescents' risk for caries and gingival inflammation
Appealing to their appearance may help in motivating these pts
___ is the foundation on which all oral health care must be built
Is dental caries a deficiency disease or is it related to oral factors related to the diet?
Results show that fluoride in water has protective effect
Reliable animal models haven't been developed
Results on human studies contradictory
True or false... supplementation of vitamins A, C, D, and F had no effect on caries
True or false... some pts are caries-resistant and some are caries-prone
Consumption of a caries-promoting diet would result in a greater incidence of caries in those persons who originally had a high ___ count