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Flashcards in Oral Hygiene Deck (31)
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1

What are the primary tools for preventing dental diseases?

Mechanical removal of plaque

Promotion of the remineralization of the tooth surface

Mechanical elimination of supragingival plaque

Limitation of dietary sucrose

2

What is the greatest challenge in regards to oral hygiene in pediactrics?

The incorporation of methods into daily routines of patients and their parents

3

True or false... the type of brush makes a big difference in the ability to mechanically remove plaque

False.. its the brusher not the brush

4

What is the ideal toothbrush for pediactric patients?

Soft brush

Small head

Thick handle

5

True or false.. the oral-B oscillating-rotating-pulsating brush has been accepted by the ADA

True

6

True or false... many studies have compared the short-term benefits of flossing and toothbrushing with thos of tooth brushing alone. These studies show minimal or modes differences between the two groups in levels of gingival inflammation and new dental caries

True

Clinical studies have shown little difference in cleaning efficacy, comfort of use, or ease of use among the available floss types

7

What is the difference between a dentifrice and a toothpaste?

Dentifrice: a paste or powder for cleaning the teeth

Toothpaste: a dentifrice in the form of paste


Doesn't matter what you use.. as long as there's fluoride, you're fine. And its better if they are lower in abrasiveness, and carry the ADA seal of acceptance.

8

True or false... you want to strictly limit fluoride to children to prevent fluorosis

False.. given the benefits of fluoride, the judicious use of fluoridated toothpaste, even in young children, should be encouraged (its better to have too much fluoride than too little)

9

Why is Dr. Rackham hesitant to give out disclosing tablets?

They stain everything

10

What is the most naturally adopted brushing technique by children?

Horizontal scrub

It removes as much or more plaque than the other techniques regardless of child's age or whether the brushing is performed by the parent or child

11

How do you get children to brush their teeth when the parent claims "I can't get my child to brush his teeth"?

When its important to the parent its important to the child

Make brushing a family value and start early. Let the children watch the parents brush their teeth

12

True or false.. it is shown to be effective to teach young children how to floss.

False, it doesn't really make a difference. If the parents has their child watch them floss and brush, the child will also floss and brush

13

According to a study, it took 8-11 year old children __ days to learn how to floss/brush effectively.

10


If they are old enough to text, they are old enough to floss

14

True or false.. it is more effective to brush effectively once every 3 days than to brush 3 times a day ineffectively

True

15

Completion of effective oral hygiene procedures at intervals of up to __ hours is compatible with gingival health

48

16

A ___-minute brushing period provides the greatest plaque removal benefit of all time periods tested.

1

Best to brush before bed.

17

When is the use of chemicals indicated for oral hygiene?

Pts that are unable, unwilling, or untrained to practice routine effective mechanotherapy

18

What is the definition of an antiseptic agent?

Substance that prevents the growth of disease-causing microorganisms

Chorlhexidine is good at reducing plaque and gingivitis but causes staining

19

What are some sugar substitutes that may help with plaque control?

Xylitol

Mannitol

Sucralose

Aspartame

Research into the use of sugar substitutes as plaque control agents continue

20

What is involved in prenatal counseling?

Mother's oral health care

Nursing

21

When should a child first visit the dentist?

Birth - 1 year


Gentle cleansing when the child is less than 1

22

When the child is 3-6 years old, who has the primary responsibility of oral hygiene procedures?

Still the parent (they should also floss)

23

What is the role of the parent when the child is 6-12 years old?

Parents switch to active supervision

At this age, treatment of malocclusions has increased, and experienced is accompanied by increased risk of caries.

24

Compliance is a major problem during what age? What increases their risk during this age? What may help with motivation?

12-19

Poor dietary habits and pubertal hormonal changes increase adolescents' risk for caries and gingival inflammation

Appealing to their appearance may help in motivating these pts

25

___ is the foundation on which all oral health care must be built

Preventative dentistry

26

Is dental caries a deficiency disease or is it related to oral factors related to the diet?

Results show that fluoride in water has protective effect

Reliable animal models haven't been developed

Results on human studies contradictory

27

True or false... supplementation of vitamins A, C, D, and F had no effect on caries

True

28

True or false... some pts are caries-resistant and some are caries-prone

True

29

Consumption of a caries-promoting diet would result in a greater incidence of caries in those persons who originally had a high ___ count

Lactobacilli

30

___ is the main culprit in caries formation. ___ helps

Sucrose

Fluoride