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Flashcards in Lecture 1 Deck (36)
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1

When should a child first see the dentist?

Within 6 months of the first tooth erupting (at least by age 1)

This visit enables the dentist and parents to discuss wys to nurture excellent oral health before any serious problems have developed

2

Tooth decay is the single most common chronic childhood disease. It is __ times more common than asthma, __ times more common than early childhood obesity, and ___ times more common than diabetes

5

4

20

3

True or false.. you should always stop the clinical oral examination if a child 6-24 months is crying during the procedure

False.. it means their mouth is open

The exam should only take 60 seconds

It is performed "knee-to-knee"

4

Where are eruption hematomas most common?

Primary second molar

Permanent first molar*

You dont need to do anything to treat this (it should drain as the tooth erupts)

5

What is the normal eruption time for a primary maxillary central?

8-12 months

6

What is the normal eruption time for a primary maxillary latera?

9-13 months

7

What is the normal eruption time for a primary maxillary canine?

16-22 months

8

What is the normal eruption time for a primary maxillary first molar?

13-19 months

9

What is the normal eruption time for a primary maxillary second molar?

25-33 months

10

What is the normal eruption time for a primary mandibular central?

6-10 months

11

What is the normal eruption time for a primary mandibular lateral?

10-16 months

12

What is the normal eruption time for a primary mandibular canine?

17-23months

13

What is the normal eruption time for a primary mandibular first molar?

14-18 months

14

What is the normal eruption time for a primary mandibular second molar?

23-31months

15

What is the number sequence for the eruption times of primary teeth?

Max:

8 9 16* 13* 25**

Man:

6 10* 17* 14 23**

+4
*=+6
**=+8

16

What is the order of vertical transmission from most common to least common?

Mom

Dad

Siblings

Other children

17

True or false... if the mother has active caries, the child 0-5 years old will have moderate caries risk

False.. high risk

18

True or false... if the child 0-5 has special health care needs they are in high risk for caries

False.. moderate risk

19

True or false... if a child 0-5 has plaque on teeth it is moderate caries risk

True

20

Estimated risk of developing a fatal cancer as a result of diagnostic radiographs for children <10 years old is a ___ times multiplication factor

3

21

True or false... if you can visualize the interproximal surfaces of primary teeth, you should not take a radiograph

True

22

What age should you take a child's first pano?

6-8

23

True or false... you should take a radiograph if the child had trauma to their teeth

True

24

What is anticipatory guidance?

The process of providing practical developmentally-appropriate information about the children's health to prepare parents for the significant physical, emotional, and psychological milestones

25

True or false... you should be worried about "shark teeth" where the mandibular incisors erupt lingual to primary incisors.

False. If you leave it alone it will resolve on its on most of the time.

26

When should assessment for pit and fissure sealants begin?

Around age 6, when the first permanent tooth erupts

27

When should substance abuse counseling and intraoral/perioral piercing counseling begin?

6-12 years of age

28

How can the child's hands be indicative of their health?

Cold, clammy hands with bitten fingernails = anxious child

Clean, calloused finger = sucking

Clubbing of fingers w/ bluish color in nail beds = congenital heart disease.

29

When should periodontal screening begin?

After eruption of permanent incisoran and first molars

30

True or false.. the goal of a pediatric dentist primarily preventative care

True