Hypothalamus Flashcards Preview

Year 1 Neuroanatomy > Hypothalamus > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hypothalamus Deck (21):
1

what are the anatomical boundaries of the hypothalamus?

1. superior - hypothalamic sulcus 2. anterior - lamina terminalis 3. posterior - midbrain (interpeduncular fossa) 4. inferior - optic chiasm, tuber cinereum, mammillary bodies

2

what is the major blood supply to the hypothalamus?

perforating branches from Circle of Willis

3

what are the major inputs to the hypothalamus?

1. cerebrum 2. limbic system (hippocampus, amygdala, cingulate gyrus, thalamus) 3. retina 4. brainstem / spinal cord 5. intrinsic neurons

4

what is the function of the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus?

circadian cycles, internal clock

5

what is the function of the mammillary bodies?

processing emotional information

6

what is the function of the anterior and posterior nuclei of the hypothalamus?

regulation of body temperature

7

what is the function of the ventromedial and lateral nuclei of the hypothalamus?

satiety and feeding

8

what is the function of the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus?

produces hormones for posterior pituitary

9

what is the function of the preoptic, medial preoptic, arcuate, and periventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus?

release or inhibition of hormones of anterior pituitary

10

the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus receives light information from the retina via which tract?

retinohypothalamic tract

11

which hypothalamus nucleus contains many melatonin receptors?

suprachiasmatic nucleus

12

the pineal gland works on which hypothalamic nucleus to regulate day / night cycles?

suprachiasmatic nucleus

13

which components of the hypothalamic relay system are used for light and circadian rhythms?

pineal gland - suprachiasmatic nucleus of hypothalamus - dorsal longitudinal fasciculus - reticular formation

14

what are the primary inputs to the mammillary bodies?

hippocapus and amygdala via fornix

15

the parasympathetic output from the hypothalamus is via which nuclei?

preoptic and anterior

16

the sympathetic output from the hypothalamus is via which nuclei?

posterior, lateral

17

which hypothalamic nuclei are responsible for the initiation of heat loss? heat production?

1. heat loss - preoptic and anterior 2. heat production - posterior

18

stimulation of which hypothalamic nuclei induce eating behavior? satiety?

1. eating - lateral nucleus 2. satiety - ventromedial

19

stimulation of which hypothalamic zone induces desire to drink fluids?

lateral zone

20

which hypothalamic nuclei are responsible for hormonal control of the posterior pituitary? via which tract?

1. supraoptic and paraventricular 2. hypothalamohypophyseal tract

21

which hypothalamic nuclei are mainly responsible for hormonal control of the anterior pituitary?

arcuate and periventricular