Spinal reflexes Flashcards Preview

Year 1 Neuroanatomy > Spinal reflexes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spinal reflexes Deck (21):
1

which neurons are involved in reflexes?

alpha and gamma motor neurons

2

what do alpha motor neurons innervate?

skeletal muscle fibers (extrafusal fibers)

3

what do gamma motor neurons innervate?

contractile (polar) portion of intrafusal fibers of muscle spindles

4

what forms the sensory (afferent) limb of a reflex arc?

1. pseudounipolar (sensory) neuron whose cell body is housed in a DRG 2. peripheral process is in skin / skeletal muscle / tendon / joint capsule; central process synapses in spinal cord gray matter

5

what forms the motor (efferent) limb of a reflex arc?

1. motor neuron whose cell body is usually located in the ventral horn of the spinal cord 2. axon synapses in skeletal muscle

6

what is the receptor in the muscle stretch reflex?

muscle spindle

7

what is the receptor in reciprocal inhibition?

muscle spindle at peripheral end of 1a fiber

8

what is the receptor in autogenic inhibition?

GTO

9

what is the stimulus in autogenic inhibition?

muscle contraction triggers sensory endings innervating tendons to fire

10

what does autogenic inhibition inhibit?

muscle over-contraction

11

what does the autogenic inhibition reflex protect?

tendon

12

where are the receptors in the flexor reflex (withdrawal reflex, nociceptive reflex)?

cutaneous

13

what type of fibers make up the afferent limb of the flexor reflex (withdrawal reflex, nociceptive reflex)?

lightly myelinated Ad fibers, or unmyelinated C fibers of pseudounipolar neurons whose cell bodies are in a DRG

14

where does the central process of a pseudounipolar neuron involved in the flexor reflex enter the spinal cord?

enters the dorsolateral tract of Lissauer and branches into short ascending and descending fibers

15

what neurons are involved in the crossed extension reflex?

commissural interneurons whose axons cross the midline to synapse with excitatory and inhibitory interneurons located in the ventral horn of the spinal cord on the opposite side

16

gamma motor neurons are under what type of control?

supraspinal (from the brain)

17

what do gamma motor neurons stimulate in maintenance of muscle tone?

polar (contractile) portions of intrafusal fibers

18

what triggers the slight contraction of gross muscle during muscle tone maintenance?

stretch reflex

19

what does stimulation of gamma motor neurons do to muscle tone? inhibition of gamma motor neurons?

1. increase 2. decrease

20

the gamma loop contains what five components?

1. gamma motor neurons 2. intrafusal fibers 3. 1a fibers 4. alpha motor neurons 5. extrafusal fibers

21

what is the purpose of alpha gamma coactivation?

a way to maintaining sensitivity to stretch during gross muscle contraction