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Musculoskeletal Pathophysiology > Imaging > Flashcards

Flashcards in Imaging Deck (22):
1

Is there ALWAYS a correlation between an abnormality on an image and a positive clinical finding?

NO. You can have an abnormal image w/o any symptoms. The image and clinical exam must make sense together

2

Who are interventional radiologists?

MD's that specialize providing treatment that are done in the presence of imaging techniques-Radiofrequency treatments, Biopsies.

3

What are different types of Imaging?

Plain Films, MR, MRI, MRA, Tomography/ Computed TOmography (CT)

4

What is the first imaging study that is usually performed?

Plain Films

5

How many plain film views do you need for an adequate exam?

At least 2

6

For the C spine, how many views do you need for an adequate exam?

5 views

7

What areas appear white on a plain film x-ray?

Bone, most dense so appears white.

8

What color will soft tissue appear on a plain film x-ray?

Grey

9

How do you diagnose on plain film x-rays?

Diagnose by admission (what isn't there)

10

What is the gold standard for imaging?

Plain film, is the cheapest

11

How much bone loss do you need before you see change on plain film?

30-50% bone loss

12

How do you evaluate joint status with a plain film?

Evaluate by exclusion. Change in space will provide information

13

What does ABCS stand for when reading plain films?

Alignment-normal anatomical position
Bone quality-1/3-2/3 rule
Cartilage -examination via exclusion
Soft Tissue-presence of effusion or calcification, soft tissue becomes visible

14

What are the two types of MRI pulse sequences?

T1, T2

15

What is the 1/3-2/3 rule?

Cortex of a healthy long bone should be 2/3 of its diameter

16

How do you describe the pattern of a long bone fx?

Divided into thirds: proximal, middle and distal

17

What is visualized well with an MRI?

Soft tissue (ligaments, muscle, tendon

18

What does MRI measure?

measures water concentration across tissues

19

What is a T1 pulse sequence used for?

used to define anatomy; fluid dadrk/ fat bright

20

What is a T2 pulse sequence used for?

Studying pathology-Fluids bright/fat dark

21

What are MR/MRI/NMR's used to detect?

Tears
Degenerative changes
Inflammation
Early detection metastatic disease

22

Why is an MRI very good at detecting early metastatic disease?

good at imaging fluids and mets are carried in the bloodstream