Flashcards in Immunisation Deck (16)
State the 2 main methods of active immunity
State the 2 main methods of passive immunity
Artificial human antibody
What is the purpose of a vaccine?
Induce cell-mediated immunity by administrating whole or part of an organism
What is meant by herd immunity?
Indirect protection of a population provided by immunisation a %, causing slow/prevention of the spread of infection
What is meant by live attenuated vaccine? Give an example
Weakened live form of organism is administered to produce natural response
e.g. measles, mumps, rubella, polio
What is meant by inactivated vaccine? Give an example
Dead organism is administered
e.g. pertussis, typhoid
Give an example of a vaccine containing component of organism
List the main contraindications to vaccines
Severe/anaphylaxis to previous dose
Fever greater than 39.5 within 48hrs
Which vaccines contain egg components that people with egg allergy should avoid?
When do girls receive the HPV vaccine?
12-13 years of age
Which serogroup of meningococcal disease is the most serious?
Which vaccine is thought to give 70% protection against tuberculosis?
List travel-related vaccines
Define "elimination of disease" and give an example
Reduction to zero incidence of a specified disease in a defined geographical area as a result of deliberate efforts; continued intervention measures are required
e.g. neonatal tetanus
Define "eradication" and give an example
Permanent reduction to zero worldwide incidence of infection caused by a specific agent as a result of deliberate efforts; intervention measures are no longer needed