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Flashcards in Immunisation Deck (16)
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1

State the 2 main methods of active immunity

Natural infection
Artificial immunisation

2

State the 2 main methods of passive immunity

Transplacental transfer
Artificial human antibody

3

What is the purpose of a vaccine?

Induce cell-mediated immunity by administrating whole or part of an organism

4

What is meant by herd immunity?

Indirect protection of a population provided by immunisation a %, causing slow/prevention of the spread of infection

5

What is meant by live attenuated vaccine? Give an example

Weakened live form of organism is administered to produce natural response
e.g. measles, mumps, rubella, polio

6

What is meant by inactivated vaccine? Give an example

Dead organism is administered
e.g. pertussis, typhoid

7

Give an example of a vaccine containing component of organism

Influenza
Pneumococcal
Diphtheria
Tetanus

8

List the main contraindications to vaccines

Acute illness
Severe/anaphylaxis to previous dose
Fever greater than 39.5 within 48hrs
Immunocompromised children

9

Which vaccines contain egg components that people with egg allergy should avoid?

Yellow fever
Flu

10

When do girls receive the HPV vaccine?

12-13 years of age

11

Which serogroup of meningococcal disease is the most serious?

Serogroup B

12

Which vaccine is thought to give 70% protection against tuberculosis?

BCG vaccine

13

List travel-related vaccines

Cholera
Yellow fever
Rabies
Hepatitis
Typhoid

14

Define "elimination of disease" and give an example

Reduction to zero incidence of a specified disease in a defined geographical area as a result of deliberate efforts; continued intervention measures are required
e.g. neonatal tetanus

15

Define "eradication" and give an example

Permanent reduction to zero worldwide incidence of infection caused by a specific agent as a result of deliberate efforts; intervention measures are no longer needed
e.g. smallpox

16

Define "extinction" and give an example

The specific infectious agent no longer exists in nature or in the laboratory
No example to this day!