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Flashcards in Developmental Delay Deck (18)
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1

Define developmental delay

Failure to attain developmental milestones for a child's corrected chronological age

2

What are the main patterns of abnormal development?

Global delay
Specific delay in 1 or 2 areas
Deviation from normal
Regression

3

People with mild learning disability have an IQ of what?

IQ below 70

4

People with severe learning disability have an IQ of what?

IQ below 50

5

List red flags for development

Asymmetry of movement
Not reaching for objects by 6mths
Unable to sit unsupported by 12mths
Unable to walk by 18mths
No speech by 18mths
Loss of skills

6

If a child is unable to walk by 18 months, what test should be done?

Measure CK levels

7

Global developmental delay causes significant delay in 2+ of what?

Gross/fine motor skill
Speech/language
Cognition
Social/personal skill

8

Global developmental delay applies to children under 5. What term is given for school age?

Learning disability

9

Give examples of diseases where motor delay occurs

Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Cerebral palsy
Coordination disorders

10

Gives examples of disease where sensory deficits and delays occur

Oculocutaneous albinism
Treacher-Collins syndrome

11

What is the main developmental deviation disease?

Autism spectrum disorders

12

What are the classical features of autism? (autistic triad)

Altered communication, social interaction and flexibility of thought/imagination

13

What are the 4 main aspects of development?

Gross motor
Fine motor
Language/speech
Social skills

14

What is a fairly characteristic sign/manoeuvre seen in Duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Gower's manoeuvre

15

In hemiplegic cerebral palsy, only one side of the body is affected. True/False?

True

16

If only the legs are affected in cerebral palsy, what kind of plegia is it?

Paraplegic cerebral palsy

17

If both arms and legs are affected in cerebral palsy, it is termed diplegic cerebral palsy. True/False?

False
Diplegia = legs + slight involvement elsewhere
Quadriplegia = legs + arms

18

List some investigations for developmental delay

Creatinine kinase
Genetics: array-CGH, chromosomes, fragile X
Neonatal PKU
Thyroid function
Imaging if indicated