Flashcards in Developmental Delay Deck (18)
Define developmental delay
Failure to attain developmental milestones for a child's corrected chronological age
What are the main patterns of abnormal development?
Specific delay in 1 or 2 areas
Deviation from normal
People with mild learning disability have an IQ of what?
IQ below 70
People with severe learning disability have an IQ of what?
IQ below 50
List red flags for development
Asymmetry of movement
Not reaching for objects by 6mths
Unable to sit unsupported by 12mths
Unable to walk by 18mths
No speech by 18mths
Loss of skills
If a child is unable to walk by 18 months, what test should be done?
Measure CK levels
Global developmental delay causes significant delay in 2+ of what?
Gross/fine motor skill
Global developmental delay applies to children under 5. What term is given for school age?
Give examples of diseases where motor delay occurs
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Gives examples of disease where sensory deficits and delays occur
What is the main developmental deviation disease?
Autism spectrum disorders
What are the classical features of autism? (autistic triad)
Altered communication, social interaction and flexibility of thought/imagination
What are the 4 main aspects of development?
What is a fairly characteristic sign/manoeuvre seen in Duchenne muscular dystrophy?
In hemiplegic cerebral palsy, only one side of the body is affected. True/False?
If only the legs are affected in cerebral palsy, what kind of plegia is it?
Paraplegic cerebral palsy
If both arms and legs are affected in cerebral palsy, it is termed diplegic cerebral palsy. True/False?
Diplegia = legs + slight involvement elsewhere
Quadriplegia = legs + arms