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Flashcards in Important People- Test 1 Deck (30):
1

Greek historian (d. 424 BCE), called the Father of Recorded History, described Egyptian embalming practices.

Herodotus

2

Greek historian from about the time of Christ, described Egyptian embalming practices.

Diodorus Siculus

3

First Christian Emperor (d. 379), outlawed cremation.

Constantine the Great

4

Jewish historian (d.100), described Hebrew burial customs.

Flavius Josephus

5

Jewish man, claimed the body of Jesus and put him in his own tomb.

Joseph of Arimathea

6

Jewish man, brought embalming spices for burial of Jesus.

Nicodemous

7

Roman emperor, in 381 required extramural interment by law for sanitation reasons.

Emperor Theodosius

8

French monarch (d. 814), tried to eliminate intramural burial by creating extramural cemeteries but was ultimately buried intramurally in the church.

Charlemange

9

Pope (d.607), said divided burial was "an abuse of abominable savagery."

Pope Boniface III

10

English king (d.1135), eviscerated, salted, and wrapped in a bull's hide.

Henry I

11

English king (d.1307), embalmed body found intact 400 years later.

Edward I

12

Professor of Anatomy at University of Padua (d.1423), wrote the Chirurgia and described the embalming of Pope Alexander V, noted that cold temperatures slow decomposition.

Pietro D'Angellata

13

Professor at University of Bologna (d.1326), dissected two bodies publicly and is considered the first serious anatomist of the Middle Ages.

Mundinus

14

Greek physician (d.200), his works on anatomy dominated medicine for almost 1300 years.

Galen of Purgamon

15

Dutch physician (d.1564), wrote "De Corpore Human Fabrica", one of the best studies of anatomy during the Renaissance, discovered Galen had dissected animals, not people.

Versalius

16

German friar (d.1546), leader of the Reformation and noted anti-Semite.

Martin Luther

17

Italian artist/inventor (d. 1519), dissected at least 50 bodies and made at least 750 anatomical plates for study.

Leonardo DaVinci

18

Dutch professor of Anatomy at University of Amsterdam (d. 1731), called Father of Embalming (for the world), discovered successful system of arterial injection which he combined with evisceration.

Frederick Ruysch

19

Italian thinker (d. 1694), Father of Histology, first to note the physiology of the capillary bed.

Marcello Malpighi

20

Florentine physician (17th century), injected remains with silicate of potash and immersed body in a weak acid solution, producing a stone-like statue.

Girolamo Segato

21

German anatomist (late 17th century), published "Arterial Embalming Without Evisceration" where he describes injecting major arteries, treating cavity, and desiccating the body to produce a cadaver for medical study.

Dr. Gabriel Clauderus

22

Dutch scientist (d. 1723), Father of Microbiology, discovered the single cell organism with a microscope.

Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek

23

English physician and anatomist (d. 1657), discovered blood circulation by injecting colored solutions into the arteries, reported on his findings to the Royal College of Physicians.

Dr. William Harvey

24

Scottish anatomist (d. 1783), described how to use arterial and cavity embalming for preserving the human body not only for laboratory use but also burial, technique was called the Hunterian Method of Preservation.

Dr. William Hunter

25

Scottish anatomist (d. 1793), using his older (and less famous) brother's methods, embalmed wife of Martin Van Butchell in 1775.

John Hunter

26

French chemist (d. 1852), first anatomist to combine embalming with funeralization, wrote "History of Embalming."

Jean Gannal

27

English surgeon, published "Treatise on the art of embalming" in 1705, criticizing British Tradesman Undertaker's work.

Thomas Greenhill

28

British tradesman undertaker, challenged monopoly of the barber-surgeon in 1646.

Michael Makeland

29

English social reformer, in 1839, investigated the conditions of the urban English worker, wrote "Sanitary Conditions of the Laboring Population of Great Britian" and "The Practice of Interments in Towns."

Edwin Chadwick

30

English writer (d. 1870), wrote about 19th century urban England, including British funeral practices, insurance fraud, and burial societies.

Charles Dickens