Suggested the establishment of a system of sanitary police, with state and health departments enforcing regulations, written before the Civil War, but not implemented until 1869.
Report of Massachusetts Sanitary Commission
New York State health bill, most comprehensive and powerful law passed by states.
Metropolitan Health Bill
Basis for present-day federal authority in the health field.
Federal Quarantine Act
Minister of All Souls church in NYC, organized the "Sanitary Commission" to help union soliders and their families.
Dr. Henry Bellows
Built first American crematory in 1876 for his own cremation.
Dr. Julius Lemoyne
Erected a crematory in 1886 in Pennslyvania, founded a cremation society and published "The Modern Crematist."
Preached on cremation, sermon entitled "The Disposal of Our Dead" in 1874
Reverend O.B. Frothingham
"Father of the Memorial Society Movement", founded "Cremation Society of America" in 1913.
Dr. Hugo Erichsen (1860-1942)
First formal organization of undertakers founded January, 1864; established "Black Book" to list delinquent or objectionable clients.
Undertakers Mutual Protective Association of Philadelphia
Founded 1868, much larger than UMPAP but had the same goals.
Chicago Undertakers Association
Michigan undertaker who organized the first state association of Jackson, Michigan in 1880, elected president; ultimate goal was formation of a national association.
Originally Funeral Directors National Association, founded in 1882.
National Funeral Directors Association (NFDA)
First trade paper, eventually became "Sunnyside" (no longer published).
Name changed to The American Funeral Director, still published today.
The Western Undertaker
Wrote "An act pertaining to the care, preparation and disposition of the dead; and to insure the better education of the funeral director" and distributed it to state associations to be used as a guide for establishment of state boards.
Wrote "Undertakers Manual", published in 1878; instructed small number of undertakers.
Professor Auguste Renouard
Son of Auguste Renouard, founded first non-commercial proprietary school in 1884.
He began the Cincinnati School of Embalming in 1862, the oldest mortuary school in existence. He also founded a chemical company that is still in business today.
Joseph H. Clarke
He was the principal of the Massachusetts College of Embalming, and later opened his own school as well as his own chemical company (still in existence today).
A. Johnson Dodge
He had the largest traveling emblaming school in the country from 1890-1900; later he traveled to London and taught chemical emblaming to English undertakers. he was called the "Dean of Emablmings of the English Speaking People."
Felix A. Sullivan
Produces the National Board Exams for the US and Canada; provides testing services to states for state laws, rules and regulations.
International Conference of Funeral Service Embalming Board
Sole accrediting agency for mortuary science programs.
American Board of Funeral Service Education
Voting member of the ABFSE, covers all university and community college mortuary science programs.
University Mortuary Science Education Association
Voting member of ABFSE, covers all trade school mortuary science programs.
National Association of Colleges of Mortuary Science
NFDA committee that troubleshoots hostile media coverage and publishes "Director" (trade journal of the NFDA).
Institute of Mortuary Research
Trade association of independently owned funeral homes.
Selected Independent Funeral Homes
Traditionally an African-American association, founded in 1924, now open to all.
National Funeral Directors and Morticians Association
Provides professional consultation on general business practices, products, and services, and cooperative support to members of the association.
Order of the Golden Rule
Sets out regulations fo rthe donation of organs, tissues, and other human body parts in the United States.
Uniform Anatomical Gift Act