Virginia Colony Founded.
Remains wrapped in blanket or cerecloth/windeing sheet
Anglican church dominates funeralization (church sexton)
Massachusetts Bay Colony founded (Theocracy)
Puritan funeral customs are models of simplicity and dignity.
- Handmade wooden coffins becoming more common.
- Inviters to funerals- licensed position in local governments.
Farm wagon used as hearse.
Layers out of the dead advertised in directories.
Increase in social character and prestige of funerals.
Start of town undertakers.
The Revolutionary War, War of 1812, and Embargo Acts spawn the industrial revolution.
Michael Jenkins, town undertaker and coroner- conflict of interest.
Pre Civil War hearse.
Mostly cooling boards and refridgeration.
First American patent on metal coffin.
- Dr. Richard Harlan translates Gannal's book into English.
- Start of furnishing undertakers.
Fisk Metallic Burial Case patented.
Dr. Thomas Holmes comes to the scene- Father of American Embalming.
Civil War- Embalming gets a big boost.
- "Order concerning embalmers" passed because of Dr. Richard Burr
- Start of professionalism in "funeral undertaking."
Post Civil War Funeral car.
Fluids gradually change from metallic salts to formalin.
Start of mass production of cloth covered wood and metal coffins by furnishing undertakers.
Era of funeral trolley cars.
Crane, Breed & Co. "church on wheels" at Chicago's World Fair.
First motorized hearses.