Flashcards in Important people- Test 2 Deck (31):
An independent New Jersey undertaker who won a court case against the sextons' monopoly in his area in 1850.
In 1836, he received the first American patent on a metallic coffin which is produced in his workshop in Richmond, VA.
James A. Gray
In 1835, he and his associates received a patent to make coffins of stone, marble, and hydraulic cement, but because of various difficulties the patent was allowed to expire in 1849.
He patented the Fisk Metallic Burial Case in 1848, modeling it on an Egyptian sarcophagus.
Almond D. Fisk
This stove manufacturing company produced the Fisk Metallic Burial Case and went on to produce a whole line of funeral products.
Crane, Breed & Co.
He patented a burial case with the ogee design in 1859, which simplified the earlier Fisk style.
He claimed to be the first to develop a straight-sided coffin in 1849, and used the word "casket" to describe his innovation.
He was the Austrian cabinet maker who settled in Rochester, NY in 1850. His cloth-covered wooden caskets were extremely successful.
He was buried with an E state casket with his initials embroidered on the pillow; over 200,000 people viewed his body before the funeral.
He produced the earliest patent for a life signal coffin in 1843.
In 1872, he proposed encasing the entire casket in concrete to deter grave robbers.
He invented the burial safe in 1878.
Andrew Van Bibber
He created the direct predecessor of the air seal metallic burial vault, with a domed iron cover and floor plate which were fastened together.
George W. Boyd
These two Baltimore undertakers patented the first successful corpse cooler in 1846.
Robert Frederick and C.A. Trump
He invented a metal box-like refrigerator that was too cumbersome for funeral service but was used in hospitals and morgues.
He is called the father of American Embalming. He patented an injection pump apparatus and a portable elastic bag for shipping bodies.
Dr. Thomas Holmes
He was a personal friend of Abraham Lincoln, and was the first ranking casualty of the Civil War.
Colonel Elmer E. Ellsworth
He received the first patent for a method of embalming in 1856.
J. Anthony Gaussardia
He embalmed Little Willy Lincoln, and later Lincoln himself.
Harry P. Cattell
He was the first recorded black embalmer and embalmed cases between 1863 and 1871.
His misconduct during the Civil War caused the government to require licenses for those who wanted to embalm military dead.
Dr. Richard Burr
He sold a fluid called "fluid allekton" and patented the trocar in 1878.
He had the largest traveling embalming school in the country from 1898-1900; later he traveled to London and taught chemical embalming to English undertakers. He was called the "Dean of Embalmers of the English Speaking People."
Professor Felix A. Sullivan
These two men founded Champion Chemical Company.
Edward Hill and Scipio
This company produced "the non-poisonous big four," and is still in business today.
Embalmers Supply Company (ESCO)
He was concerned with the sanitation movement, and had Jean Gannal's "History of Embalming" translated and published in the US.
He was considered the dean of early embalming instruction, and opened the Rochester School of Embalming in 1882.
Dr. August Renouard
He began the Cincinnati School of Embalming in 1862, the oldest mortuary school in existence. He also founded a chemical company that is still in business today (Dodge Chemical Company).
A. Johnson Dodge
He founded the first mortuary school in the state of Maryland.
This company featured a "funeral car" at the New Orleans Cotton Exposition in 1884.
James Cunningham & Son & Co.