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Flashcards in Industrial Revolution Deck (20)
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1

Who wrote, The Wealth of Nations?

Adam Smith

2

Which book to Karl Marx write?

The Communist Manifesto

3

What impact did the Agricultural Revolution & enclosure movement have on British farmers?

Lost jobs and moved to cities (urbanization)

4

Which two resources are essential to industrialization?

Coal and iron

5

In which country did the Industrial Revolution first begin?

England

6

Which social class emerged during the Industrial Revolution?

Middle Class

7

What caused the Irish Potato Famine?

Blight (infection) in potato crop

8

What were two effects of the Irish Potato Famine?

Famine (millions of deaths) & Irish migrated to other countries (like the United States)

9

What is "laissez-faire" capitalism?

Minimal government interference in the economy

10

Which thinker of this time believed in "laissez-faire" capitalism?

Adam Smith

11

According to Adam Smith, what regulated the economy?

Supply and Demand

12

According to Karl Marx, all of history is the history of........

Economic class struggle

13

What did Karl Marx predict the workers (proletariat) would do?

Overthrow the bourgeoisie class (upper classes) and create a classless society

14

According to Thomas Malthus, what was needed to keep the world's population in check?

Natural disasters-famines, earthquakes, war, etc.....

15

Which form of transportation increased during this time?

Railroads

16

As a result of the terrible working conditions in factories, what were created?

Labor Unions

17

Which individual felt that owners should keep wages low, so that people have less children?

David Ricardo

18

Where did the working poor live in cities?

Tenements or slums

19

What was an environmental impact of the Industrial Revolution?

pollution

20

Which new invention revolutionized factories, railroads, and steamboats?

Steam Engine