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Flashcards in Enlightenment Deck (12)
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1

Enlightenment

Age of Reason, time the philosophers aimed to get people more rights from government

2

Scientific Revolution

a time period where scientists used reason, experimentation, and observation to come up with new theories, often contradicting the Roman Catholic Church

3

Heliocentric theory

Sun-centered model of the solar system, created by Copernicus

4

Galileo

confirmed Copernicus' heliocentric theory using a astronomical telescope

5

Absolutism

form of government where the leader has total control over the people

6

Divine Right

belief that a ruler's right to rule comes from God

7

John Locke

English philosopher who believed that people deserved natural right-"life, liberty, and property".

8

Voltaire

French philosopher who believed people should have freedom of speech and religion

9

Baron de Montesquieu

French philosopher who believed that a gov't should be divided into three branches, separation of powers, and checks and balances

10

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Philosopher who believed in "general will" -the will of the majority rules

11

Mary Wollstonecraft

English philosopher who advocated for equal rights for women

12

Enlightened Despot

a king/queen who incorporated Enlightenment ideas into their government
ie. Catherine the Great, Frederick the Great, Joseph II