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Flashcards in French Revolution Deck (18)
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1

Louis XVI

Absolute monarch of France

2

Marie Antoninette

Queen of France, Louis XVI's wife, from Austria

3

Divine right

the belief that the power to rule came from God

4

Third Estate

majority of population, 97%, bourgeoisie (middle class) and peasants, highly taxed, no rights in government, little land

5

Bourgeiosie

middle class of Third Estate, led revolution, read Enlightenment ideas

6

National Assembly

government formed by the Third Estate

7

Tennis Court Oath

oath taken by Third Estate to write a Constitution

8

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

document written by Third Estate demanding more rights, influenced by Enlightenment (especially Locke)

9

Declaration of the Rights of Women and Citizen

document advocating for women's rights during French Revolution

10

Robespierre

radical of the Jacobin party in France, led the Reign of Terror

11

Reign of Terror

a time period when Robespierre led the Committee of Public Safety, thousands killed for being accused of going against revolution

12

Directory

5 men ruling France after the Reign of Terror, weak, corrupt, ineffective

13

Jacobins

political party that led the Reign of Terror, led by Robespierre

14

Causes of French Revolution

Inequality with taxes/land towards Third Estate, no rights for lower classes, abuses of the monarchy, deficit spending, bad harvests, spread of Enlightenment ideas

15

Napoleon Bonaparte

military commander who overthrew the Directory, Emperor or France

16

Napoleonic Code

new law code instituted by Napoleon, equality for men, women lost rights

17

Which country was Napoleon's biggest downfall?

Russia-Why? size and climate

18

Congress of Vienna

meeting of European leaders after Napoleon is exiled, goal was to restore old regimes (monarchs) to power, create a balance of power in Europe