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Flashcards in Imperialism Deck (20)
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1

What is imperialism?

the domination of one country over the political, economic, or social life of another country

2

What are the causes of Imperialism?

INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, power, land, nationalism, natural resources, use colonies as markets, white man's burden, social darwinism

3

What was the white man's burden?

European racist ideology that they had a duty to civilize natives of countries being colonized

4

What was Social Darwinism?

the belief that the stronger countries should take over weaker nations

5

What was the Berlin Conference?

a Conference led by Otto von Bismarck, led to the partitioning of Africa, ignored tribal boundaries, did not invite African leaders

6

What was the Boer War?

response of Boers and the Zulus to British imperialism

7

What advantage did the British and other European powers have over the areas they were colonizing?

superior military technology, had already been through the Ind. rev.

8

Who was the owner of the De Beers mining company, who attempted to built a railroad from the cape to Cairo?

Cecil Rhodes

9

What was the Suez Canal?

a canal built in Egypt by the French and British, used to shorten the trip from Asia back to Europe (ie. India to England)

10

Which country took over India?

England

11

How did the people of India respond to the British?

Sepoy rebellion

12

What were the causes of the Sepoy Rebellion?

having to fight overseas for the British, using pork/beef fat on gun cartridges, disregarding Indian culture

13

What were the effects of the Sepoy Rebellion?

the British made India a colony

14

What was the impact of the Opium Wars?

British won, unequal treaties (Treaty of Nanjing), more European influence and power in China

15

What were spheres of influence in China?

European nations carved out spheres (parts) of China where they controlled trade and local gov'ts

16

What was the Open Door Policy?

U.S. passed this to open trade in China to all western powers

17

how did the Chinese respond to European influence?

Boxer Rebellion-Chinese attempted to fight and kick out Europeans, failed

18

Which country colonized Vietnam? Why?

French-natural resources-rubber, opium, rice

19

Which policy did Japan use from 1635-1857?

Isolationism

20

What was the Meiji Restoration?

opening of Japan, opened by U.S., Japan modernizes, westernizes to avoid domination