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Flashcards in WWI Deck (20)
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1

What is the acronmyn associated with the causes of WWI?

MANIA-Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism, Imperialism, Assassination

2

What was the immediate cause of WWI?

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by Gavrilo Princip of Serbia

3

What is militarism?

the buildup of a nation's military to prepare for war

4

How did alliances lead to a world war?

Alliances brought more countries into the war after the assassination. Example: Russia came in to support Serbia

5

Who was known as the "Sick Man of Europe"? Why?

Ottoman Empire-lost 75% of their empire prior to the war

6

Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman empire were known as the....

Central Powers

7

France, England, Serbia, Russia are known as the...

Allied Powers

8

Who remained neutral at first?

United States

9

What is total war?

Channeling a nation's entire resources into the war effort. (Example: rationing)

10

What is propaganda? Why was it used?

spreading of a message to promote an idea. Used to get people to support the war effort

11

What role did women play in WWI?

took jobs in factories while men were fighting

12

Why did the U.S. become involved in WWI?

unrestricted submarine warfare (sinking of Lusitania), Zimmerman telegram

13

What type of warfare was used during WWI? What did it lead to?

Trench warfare
Led to a stalemate

14

What new weapons were used during WWI?

machine guns, airplanes, tanks, poison gas

15

What treaty ended WWI?

Treaty of Versailles

16

Who was blamed in the Treaty of Versailles? How?

Germany, had to pay reparations, lost colonies, forced to demilitarize, full blame for the war

17

Who was the President of the United States at the time? What was his outline for peace called?

Woodrow Wilson, 14 Points

18

What was self-determination?

The belief (created by Woodrow Wilson) that a new country created after WWI should be able to pick which type of gov't they want to use

19

Which new countries were created after WWI?

Poland, Czechoslovakia, Latvia, Lithuania, Yugoslavia

20

What peacekeeping organization was created at the end of WWI?

League of Nations (U.S. did not join)