Flashcards in WWI Deck (20)
What is the acronmyn associated with the causes of WWI?
MANIA-Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism, Imperialism, Assassination
What was the immediate cause of WWI?
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by Gavrilo Princip of Serbia
What is militarism?
the buildup of a nation's military to prepare for war
How did alliances lead to a world war?
Alliances brought more countries into the war after the assassination. Example: Russia came in to support Serbia
Who was known as the "Sick Man of Europe"? Why?
Ottoman Empire-lost 75% of their empire prior to the war
Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman empire were known as the....
France, England, Serbia, Russia are known as the...
Who remained neutral at first?
What is total war?
Channeling a nation's entire resources into the war effort. (Example: rationing)
What is propaganda? Why was it used?
spreading of a message to promote an idea. Used to get people to support the war effort
What role did women play in WWI?
took jobs in factories while men were fighting
Why did the U.S. become involved in WWI?
unrestricted submarine warfare (sinking of Lusitania), Zimmerman telegram
What type of warfare was used during WWI? What did it lead to?
Led to a stalemate
What new weapons were used during WWI?
machine guns, airplanes, tanks, poison gas
What treaty ended WWI?
Treaty of Versailles
Who was blamed in the Treaty of Versailles? How?
Germany, had to pay reparations, lost colonies, forced to demilitarize, full blame for the war
Who was the President of the United States at the time? What was his outline for peace called?
Woodrow Wilson, 14 Points
What was self-determination?
The belief (created by Woodrow Wilson) that a new country created after WWI should be able to pick which type of gov't they want to use
Which new countries were created after WWI?
Poland, Czechoslovakia, Latvia, Lithuania, Yugoslavia